Library of Congress Exhibition Opening: “Shall Not Be Denied: Women Fight for the Vote”

Library of Congress Exhibition Opening: “Shall Not Be Denied: Women Fight for the Vote”


Announcer: PLEASE LIBRARIAN OF
CONGRESS DR. CARLA HAYDEN.
[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE] Dr. Hayden: THANK YOU. THANK
YOU. THANK YOU, AND GOOD EVENING AND WELCOME TO THE
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. IT IS OUR PLEASURE THANK YOU, AND GOOD
EVENING AND TO HAVE EVERYONE HERE FORWELCOME TO THE LIBRARY
OF CONGRESS. A VERY SPECIAL NIGHT TO OPEN THE IT IS OUR
PLEASURE TO HAVE EVERYONE LIBRARY’S NEWEST EXHIBITION,HERE
FOR A VERY SPECIAL NIGHT TO OPEN “SHALL NOT BE DENIED.”
[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]THE LIBRARY’S NEWEST EXHIBITION,
“SHALL IT IS MY HONOR[CHEERS AND
APPLAUSE] TO WELCOME MADAM SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE NANCY
PELOSI, MEMBERS OF CONGRESS, MEMBERS OF THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE
CENTENNIAL COMMISSION. I THINK OF THE HOUSE NANCY PELOSI,
MEMBERS OF THEY DESERVE A SPECIAL HAND.
[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]CONGRESS, MEMBERS OF THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE
CENTENNIAL COMMISSION. [CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]
INCLUDING ITS CHAIR, MS. KAY COLES JAMES, AND CO-CHAIR,
SENATOR BARBARA MIKULSKI. KAY COLES JAMES, AND CO-CHAIR,
SENATOR BARBARA MIKULSKI. [CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]
WHO IS THE [CHEERS AND APPLAUSE] LONGEST-SERVING WOMAN IN
CONGRESS IN UNITED STATES HISTORY.
[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]CONGRESS IN UNITED STATES HISTORY.
A SPECIAL WELCOME ALSO TO THE LEADERS AND[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]
STAFF OF THE DIFFERENT CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS ACROSS WASHINGTON.
WE’RE SO PLEASED THAT YOU’RE JOINING US TONIGHT. AND OF AND
STAFF OF THE DIFFERENT CULTURAL COURSE, LIBRARYINSTITUTIONS
ACROSS WASHINGTON. STAFF, GUESTS AND WE’RE SO PLEASED THAT
YOU’RE JOINING THE VIEWERSUS TONIGHT. ONLINE. WE’RE
LIVE-STREAMING. AND OF COURSE, LIBRARY STAFF, GUESTS
THIS WONDERFUL EXHIBITION IS PART OF THEAND THE VIEWERS
ONLINE. LIBRARY’S COMMEMORATION OF THE NATIONAL CENTENNIAL
CELEBRATION OFTHIS WONDERFUL EXHIBITION IS PART OF THE
WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE, AND THE LIBRARY’SLIBRARY’S COMMEMORATION
OF THE NATIONAL YEAR-LONG INITIATIVE TO EXPLORECENTENNIAL
CELEBRATION OF WOMEN’S AMERICA’S CHANGE-MAKERS WILL
SUFFRAGE, AND THE LIBRARY’S YEAR-LONG SPOTLIGHT STORIES OF
DIVERSE WOMEN WHOINITIATIVE TO EXPLORE AMERICA’S SHAPED THE
SUFFRAGE HISTORYCHANGE-MAKERS WILL SPOTLIGHT STORIES OF AND
MADE HISTORY. WE ARE OPENING THIS EXHIBITIONDIVERSE WOMEN WHO
SHAPED THE SUFFRAGE ON THIS DAY, JUNE 4TH, BECAUSEHISTORY
AND MADE HISTORY. IT HOLDS AN IMPORTANT PART OF THIS WE ARE
OPENING THIS EXHIBITION ON THIS NATION’S HISTORY. ON THIS DAY,
AND I SHOULD TELL DAY, JUNE 4TH, BECAUSE IT HOLDS AN YOU, THIS
IMPORTANT PART OF THIS NATION’S HISTORY. IS IN BOLD, 100 YEARS
ON THIS DAY, AND I SHOULD TELL YOU, AGO TODAY, CONGRESS
FINALLY APPROVED THE 19TH AMENDMENT FOR WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE.
[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]THIS IS IN BOLD, 100 YEARS AGO TODAY,
CONGRESS FINALLY APPROVED THE 19TH [CHEERS AND APPLAUSE] AS YOU MAY KNOW, IT WAS A LONG
ROAD TO GET HERE, FROM THE FIRST WOMEN’S RIGHTS CONVENTION IN
SENECA FALLS, NEW YORK IN AS YOU MAY KNOW, IT WAS AGET
HERE, FROM THE FIRST WOMEN’S RIGHTS 1848, TO THE STATE OF
TENNESSEE BECOMING THE LAST STATE NEEDED TO RATIFY THE
CONVENTION IN SENECA FALLS, NEW YORK IN 19TH AMENDMENT ON
AUGUST THE1848, TO THE STATE OF TENNESSEE BECOMING 18TH, 1920.
ANDTHE LAST STATE NEEDED TO RATIFY THE 19TH TODAY, BECAUSE
OF THEAMENDMENT ON AUGUST THE 18TH, 1920. EFFORTS OF THOSE
COURAGEOUS SUFFRAGETTES AND THE PEOPLE WHO SUPPORTED THEM,
NEARLY 70 MILLION WOMEN AND TODAY, BECAUSE OF THE EFFORTS OF
VOTETHOSE COURAGEOUS SUFFRAGETTES AND THE IN THIS
COUNTRY. THAT’S AN APPLAUSE! [CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]PEOPLE WHO
SUPPORTED THEM, NEARLY 70 MILLION WOMEN VOTE IN THIS
COUNTRY. NOW, THE[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS EXHIBIT “SHALL NOT BE DENIED” WILL TELL
THE STORY OF THE LARGEST REFORM MOVEMENT IN AMERICAN HISTORY
WITH DOCUMENTS AND ARTIFACTS FROM”SHALL NOT BE DENIED” WILL
TELL THE THE WOMEN WHO CHANGED POLITICAL HISTORY. THE
EXHIBITION WILL SHOWSTORY OF THE LARGEST REFORM MOVEMENT IN YOU
AMERICAN HISTORY WITH DOCUMENTS AND HOW WOMEN WEREARTIFACTS
FROM THE WOMEN WHO CHANGED POLITICAL HISTORY. PREVENTED TO
VOTE, AND THE 19TH AMENDMENT REMOVED THAT BARRIER. THE
EXHIBITION WILL SHOW YOU HOW WOMEN IT SHOULD BE CLEAR, WOMEN
WERE NOT GRANTED THEWERE PREVENTED TO VOTE, AND THE 19TH
RIGHT TOAMENDMENT REMOVED THAT BARRIER. VOTE. INSTEAD, AS THIS
EXHIBITION WILL SHOW IT SHOULD BE CLEAR, WOMEN WERE NOT YOU,
WOMEN EARNED IT. GRANTED THE RIGHT TO VOTE. INSTEAD, AS THIS
EXHIBITION WILL SHOW YOU, WOMEN EARNED IT.
[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE] AND SO FROM RALLIES TO EVEN
IMPRISONMENT, WE OWE A LOT TO THESE HEROIC WOMEN FROM A
HUNDRED YEARS AGO. THISAND SO FROM RALLIES TO EVEN EXHIBITION
IS ALSO UNIQUE BECAUSE THE IMPRISONMENT, WE OWE A LOT TO
THESE LIBRARY OF CONGRESSHEROIC WOMEN FROM A HUNDRED YEARS AGO.
HOLDS THE PERSONAL COLLECTIONS THIS EXHIBITION IS ALSO UNIQUE
BECAUSE OF MANY AMERICANTHE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS HOLDS THE
SUFFRAGETTES AND LEADERS OF THE MOVEMENT.
THIS INCLUDES THEIR HANDWRITTEN LETTERS, SPEECHES ANDPERSONAL
COLLECTIONS OF MANY AMERICAN SUFFRAGETTES AND LEADERS OF THE
MOVEMENT.SKRABBOOKS CREATED TO DOCUMENT THEIR THIS INCLUDES
THEIR HANDWRITTEN LETTERS, WORK. THE SUFFRAGETTES DONATEDSPEECHES
AND SKRABBOOKS CREATED TO THEIR MATERIALS TO THE LIBRARY OF
CONGRESS BECAUSE THEY WANTED THEIR STORIES TO BE REMEMBERED
AND THIS EXHIBITION WILL TELL THOSETHE SUFFRAGETTES DONATED
THEIR MATERIALS TO THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS BECAUSE THEY
STORIES. WE’LLWANTED THEIR STORIES TO BE REMEMBERED DRAW
FROM THE COLLECTIONS OF SUSAN B. ANTHONY,AND THIS EXHIBITION WILL
TELL THOSE STORIES. ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, LUCY WE’LL DRAW
FROM THE COLLECTIONS OF SUSAN B. STONE, MARY CHURCH TERRELL,
CARRIEANTHONY, ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, LUCY CHAPMAN CATT, AND
THE NATIONAL WOMEN’S PARTY AND THE NATIONAL AMERICANSTONE, MARY
CHURCH TERRELL, CARRIE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION. THROUGH
THECHAPMAN CATT, AND THE NATIONAL WOMEN’S PERSONAL
COLLECTIONS OF THESE EXTRAORDINARYPARTY AND THE
NATIONAL AMERICAN WOMEN’S WOMEN,SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION. YOU
WILL GET A MORE INTIMATE VIEW INTO THE THROUGH THE PERSONAL
COLLECTIONS OF STRUGGLES, THE THESE EXTRAORDINARY WOMEN, YOU
WILL GET RIVALRIES AND ULTIMATELY THE CHALLENGES OF
THISA MORE INTIMATE VIEW INTO THE STRUGGLES, 70-YEAR
MOVEMENT. AND AS YOU WALK THROUGHTHE RIVALRIES AND
ULTIMATELY THE THE EXHIBIT, I HOPE YOU’LL TAKE A MOMENT
CHALLENGES OF THIS 70-YEAR MOVEMENT. TO READ PASSAGES FROM
LETTERS ON DISPLAY TO GET A AND AS YOU WALK THROUGH THE EXHIBIT,
I GLIMPSE OF THE WOMEN’S HOPE YOU’LL TAKE A MOMENT TO READ
PERSONALITIES. PASSAGES FROM LETTERS ON DISPLAY TO GET FOR
EXAMPLE, ABIGAIL ADAMS TELLING HER SISTER THAT SHE WILL NEVERA
GLIMPSE OF THE WOMEN’S PERSONALITIES. CONSENT TO HAVE
THEIR SEX CONSIDERED IN FOR EXAMPLE, ABIGAIL ADAMS TELLING
HER AN INFERIOR LIGHT. SISTER THAT SHE WILL NEVER CONSENT TO
SUSAN B. ANTHONYHAVE THEIR SEX CONSIDERED
IN AN INFERIOR PUSHINGLIGHT. ELIZABETH CADY STANTON TO RIDE
IN A SUSAN B. DRESS FOR HER — WRITE AN ADDRESS FOR HER ON
EQUAL EDUCATION, WHILEANTHONY PUSHING ELIZABETH CADY STANTON
SHE SAID SHE KNEW THAT ELIZABETH TO RIDE IN A DRESS FOR HER —
WRITE AN CADY STANTON WAS JUGGLING A BABYADDRESS FOR HER
ON EQUAL EDUCATION, ON HER KNEE AND HER FOUR BOYS WERE BUZZING
ABOUT WHILE SHE SAID SHE KNEW THAT ELIZABETH HER, BUT SHE WAS
A BETTER WRITER. CADY STANTON WAS JUGGLING A BABY ON HER KNEE
AND HER FOUR BOYS WERE BUZZING NELLYABOUT HER, BUT SHE WAS A
BETTER WRITER. QUANDER OF HOWARD UNIVERSITY ASKING IF BLACK
WOMEN WERE WELCOME IN THE MARCH 3RD, NELLY QUANDER OF HOWARD
UNIVERSITY 1913 PARADE. ASKING IF BLACK WOMEN WERE WELCOME IN
THEY WERE NOT. AND ALSO ON DISPLAYTHE MARCH 3RD, 1913
PARADE. ARE ARTIFACTS THEY WERE NOT. DESCRIBING THE
SUFFRAGETTES’ HARSH TREATMENT IN JAIL, FORCE AND ALSO ON DISPLAY
ARE ARTIFACTS FEEDING THEM, RARE PRINTEDDESCRIBING THE
SUFFRAGETTES’ HARSH VERSIONS OF THE 1848 DECLARATIONTREATMENT IN
JAIL, FORCE FEEDING THEM, OF SENTIMENTS AND THE 1878
DECLARATION OFRARE PRINTED VERSIONS OF THE 1848 RIGHTS FOR
WOMEN, A BUST OFDECLARATION OF SENTIMENTS AND THE 1878 SUSAN
B. ANTHONY THAT SHE PERSONALLY WANTED CONGRESS TO BUY AND
DECLARATION OF RIGHTS FOR WOMEN, A BUST INSTALL IN THISOF SUSAN
B. VERY ANTHONY THAT SHE PERSONALLY WANTED BUILDING. SO
IT’S FINALLY HERE.CONGRESS TO BUY AND INSTALL IN THIS VERY
BUILDING. A SO IT’S FINALLY HERE. SASH
AND BUTTONS BELONGING TO THE SUFFRAGETTE CORA WEEK, WHOSE
PHOTO SHOWS THE PETITE ARTIST STARING DEFIANTLY INTO THE
CAMERA AS SHESUFFRAGETTE CORA WEEK, WHOSE PHOTO SHOWS HEADS
OFF TO THE WHITE HOUSE SHORTLY BEFORETHE PETITE ARTIST STARING
DEFIANTLY INTO BEING ARRESTED. THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS’S
MISSION IS TO THE CAMERA AS SHE HEADS OFF TO THE WHITE ENGAGE,
INSPIRE AND INFORM THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, ANDHOUSE SHORTLY BEFORE
BEING ARRESTED. WE KNOW THAT THIS THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS’S
MISSION IS EXHIBITION WILL DO THAT. ITTO ENGAGE, INSPIRE AND
INFORM THE WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN POSSIBLE WITHOUT THEAMERICAN
PEOPLE, AND WE KNOW THAT THIS GENEROUSEXHIBITION WILL DO THAT.
SUPPORT OF THE LIBRARY’S IT WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN POSSIBLE
JAMES MADISON COUNCIL AND ADDITIONAL SUPPORT FROM FIRST
WITHOUT THE GENEROUS SUPPORT OF THE FINANCIAL BANK U.S.A., THE
LIBRARY’S JAMES MADISON COUNCIL AND DEMOCRACY FUND, MR.
ADDITIONAL SUPPORT FROM FIRST FINANCIAL TOM BANK U.S.A.
GERRARDI, WHO’S WITH US TONIGHT, AARP,, THE DEMOCRACY FUND, MR.
I’M A PERSONAL MEMBER, THE BARBARA LEE FAMILY TOM GERRARDI,
WHO’S WITH US TONIGHT, FOUNDATION FUND AT THE BOSTON
FOUNDATION, THE HISTORYAARP, I’M A PERSONAL MEMBER, THE BARBARA
CHANNEL AND ROGER ANDLEE FAMILY FOUNDATION FUND AT THE BOSTON
JULIE VAZQUEZ. THE CREATIVE TEAM — AND THANK
YOU. FOUNDATION, THE HISTORY CHANNEL AND THANK YOU. ROGER
AND JULIE VAZQUEZ.THE CREATIVE TEAM — AND THANK YOU.
[Applause] NOW, THE CREATIVE TEAM THAT MADE
[Applause] THIS EXHIBITION POSSIBLE, AND BROUGHT IT TO
LIFE, INCLUDESNOW, THE CREATIVE TEAM THAT MADE THIS LEAD
CURATOR JANICEEXHIBITION POSSIBLE, AND BROUGHT IT TO
ROOF AND MS. ELIZABETH NAVARA. THEY’RE RIGHTLIFE, INCLUDES LEAD
CURATOR JANICE ROOF AND MS. HERE IN FRONT. ELIZABETH NAVARA.
[Applause] THE LIBRARY’S CENTER FOR
EXHIBITS AND INTERPRETATION AND ITS DIRECTOR, MR. DAVID THE
LIBRARY’S CENTER FOR EXHIBITS AND MANDEL.
[Applause]INTERPRETATION AND ITS DIRECTOR, MR.
ACCOMPANIED BY OUR LATEST SUFFRAGETTE, HIS DAUGHTER ZOEY.
[Applause] AND MS. CAROL JOHNSON,
ACCOMPANIED BY OUR LATEST SUFFRAGETTE, HIS DAUGHTER ZOEY.
THE EXHIBIT DIRECTOR. AND MS. [Applause]
WE’RE ALSO JOINED TONIGHT WITH OUR CREATIVE PARTNERS, PURE AND
APPLIED FOR EXHIBITION DESIGN AND THE UPSWELL FOR THEWE’RE
ALSO JOINED TONIGHT WITH OUR INTERACTIVE VIDEOS. AND BOTH
FIRMS,CREATIVE PARTNERS, PURE AND APPLIED FOR YOU SHOULD
KNOW, ARE WOMEN-OWNEDEXHIBITION DESIGN AND THE UPSWELL FOR THE
INTERACTIVE VIDEOS. BUSINESSES WHO BROUGHT THE REAL PASSION AND
ENERGY AND BOTH FIRMS, YOU SHOULD KNOW, ARE TO THIS
PROJECT. [CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]WOMEN-OWNED
BUSINESSES WHO BROUGHT THE REAL PASSION AND ENERGY TO THIS
PROJECT. NOW, THE EXHIBITION WILL SHARE
THE REMARKABLE[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE] STORIES OF COURAGE,
PERSEVERANCE, CREATIVITY AND THE HOPE ON THEREMARKABLE STORIES OF
COURAGE, PART OF MANY GENERATIONS OF WOMEN FIGHTING
FOR THE MOSTPERSEVERANCE, CREATIVITY AND THE HOPE ON
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT IN A DEMOCRACY,THE PART OF MANY
GENERATIONS OF WOMEN THE RIGHT TOFIGHTING FOR THE MOST
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT VOTE. AND AS SO, I AM HOPING THAT YOU
WILL JOIN ME IN AAND AS SO, I AM HOPING THAT YOU WILL ROUSING
WELCOME FOR OUR NEXT GUEST. JOIN ME IN A ROUSING WELCOME FOR
OUR NEXT GUEST. HELLO. YOU ARE HERE. THANK
YOU. PLEASE WELCOME UNITED STATES SENATOR SHELLY MOORE PLEASE WELCOME
UNITED STATES SENATOR SHELLY MOORE CAPITO. THANK YOU.
CAPITO. THANK YOU. Senator Capito: WOW. WELL, GOOD
EVENING TO EVERYONE. THANK YOU. IT’S A VERY SPECIALSenator
Capito: WOW. WELL, GOOD EVENING TO EVERYONE. EVENING IN THIS
THANK YOU. BEAUTIFUL — I THINK PROBABLY THE MOST BEAUTIFUL
BUILDING IN THIS CITY, VERY HISTORIC, WITHBEAUTIFUL — I
THINK PROBABLY THE MOST SOME OF THE MOST ACCOMPLISHED AND
INSPIRING FEMALEBEAUTIFUL BUILDING IN THIS CITY, VERY
LEADERS. WHERE’S SENATOR HISTORIC, WITH SOME OF THE MOST
MIKULSKI. I KNOW SHE’S HERE. HOW CAN I MISS YOU? I MEAN,
REALLY. HOWACCOMPLISHED AND INSPIRING FEMALE LEADERS. CAN I
MISS WHERE’S SENATOR MIKULSKI. YOU? I KNOW SHE’S HERE.
AND MANY TRAIL HOW CAN I MISS YOU?BLAZERS IN THE I MEAN,
REALLY. ROOM. DR. HAYDEN, CERTAINLY, HOW CAN I MISS YOU?
ONE OF OUR TRAIL BLAZERS. YES. AND MANY TRAIL BLAZERS IN THE
ROOM. DR. [CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]
AND SPEAKER HAYDEN, CERTAINLY, ONE OF OUR TRAIL BLAZERS.
PELOSI, WHO I KNOW WILL BE HERE ANY MINUTE. SO[CHEERS AND
APPLAUSE] IT’S ONLY FITTING THAT WE ARE HERE THIS EVENING, I
THINK, TO REMEMBER AND TOHERE ANY MINUTE. HONOR THE WOMEN WHO
SO IT’S ONLY FITTING THAT WE ARE HERE REALLY HELPED TO MAKETHIS
EVENING, I THINK, TO REMEMBER AND ALL OF THIS POSSIBLE FOR
ALL OF US, THETO HONOR THE WOMEN WHO REALLY HELPED TO
SUFFRAGISTS. I THINK WE ALL KNOW THE HISTORY, OR AT LEAST WE
SHOULD. WE’VE RECOUNTEDMAKE ALL OF THIS POSSIBLE FOR ALL OF US,
A BIT OF IT ALL THROUGHTHE SUFFRAGISTS. THE DAY OVER IN THE
SENATE, AND WE HAVE I THINK WE ALL KNOW THE HISTORY, OR AT
LEAST WE SHOULD. HOPEFULLY HEARD MANY OF THE NAMES WE’VE
RECOUNTED A BIT OF IT ALL IN THE DOCUMENTARY, AND MANY MORE
THAT I’VETHROUGH THE DAY OVER IN THE SENATE, AND HEARD TODAY
THAT I HADN’T REALLY RECOGNIZED. WE HAVE HOPEFULLY HEARD MANY OF
THE BUT CERTAINLY ELIZABETH CADY
NAMES IN THE DOCUMENTARY, AND MANY MORE THAT I’VE HEARD TODAY
THAT I HADN’T STANTON, SUSAN REALLY RECOGNIZED. B. ANTHONY
AND SOJOURN OF TRUTH. THOSE ARE JUST THREE. THEIR DEEDS WERE
CERTAINLY GREAT,SUSAN B. AND THE OUTCOMES ANTHONY AND SOJOURN OF
TRUTH.MONUMENTAL. MONUMENTAL. OVER THE PAST
SEVERAL THOSE ARE JUST THREE. MONTHS, WE’VE THEIR DEEDS WERE
CERTAINLY GREAT, AND CELEBRATED VARIOUS KEY MOMENTSTHE OUTCOMES
MONUMENTAL. IN WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE AND THE OVER THE PAST SEVERAL
MONTHS, WE’VE ULTIMATE — WE WILL BE CELEBRATING SOON, IN
ANOTHER YEAR –CELEBRATED VARIOUS KEY MOMENTS IN THE
ULTIMATE RATIFICATION OF THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE AND THE
ULTIMATE — WE 19TH AMENDMENT. HOUSE PASSAGEWILL BE CELEBRATING
SOON, IN ANOTHER AND SENATE PASSAGE TODAY, AND WITHYEAR —
THE ULTIMATE RATIFICATION OF THE EACH OF THESE19TH AMENDMENT.
CELEBRATIONS, LIKE THE OPENING OF THIS EXHIBIT HOUSE PASSAGE
AND SENATE PASSAGE TONIGHT, I’M CONSTANTLY INSPIRED BY THESE
WOMENTODAY, AND WITH EACH OF THESE THAT I READ AND HEAR
ABOUT. THEIR CELEBRATIONS, LIKE THE OPENING OF THIS WORDS, THEIR
IMAGES THAT WE’RE GOING TO EXHIBIT TONIGHT, I’M CONSTANTLY
INSPIRED SEE, SOME OF THE LETTERS THATBY THESE WOMEN THAT
I READ AND HEAR ABOUT. DR. HAYDEN TALKED ABOUT. THEIR
WORDS, THEIR IMAGES THAT WE’RE AS SUSAN B. ANTHONY SAID, AND
GOING TO SEE, SOME OF THE LETTERS THAT DR. I QUOTE, IT WAS
HAYDEN TALKED ABOUT. WE THE AS SUSAN B.PEOPLE, NOT WE THE WHITE
MALE CITIZENS NOR ANTHONY SAID, AND I QUOTE, IT WAS WE YET THE
MALE CITIZENS, NOTTHE PEOPLE, NOT WE THE WHITE MALE YET WE
THE MALE CITIZENS, BUT WE THE WHOLE PEOPLE WHO FORMEDCITIZENS
NOR YET THE MALE CITIZENS, NOT THE UNION. YET WE THE MALE
CITIZENS, BUT WE THE MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE, AND
WOMEN THEIR RIGHTSWHOLE PEOPLE WHO FORMED THE UNION. AND
NOTHING LESS. THAT IS MEN, THEIR RIGHTS AND NOTHING MORE,
POWERFUL. AND GIVEN THE TIME, AND WOMEN THEIR RIGHTS AND
NOTHING LESS. VERY BRAVE. OF COURSE, IN THE THAT IS
POWERFUL. WORDS OF AND GIVEN THE TIME, VERY BRAVE. ANOTHER
SUFFRAGIST, ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, SHE SAID, AND I QUOTE,
BRIEFLY, THE BEST OF COURSE, IN THE WORDS OF ANOTHER PROTECTION
ANY WOMANSUFFRAGIST, ELIZABETH CADY STANTON, SHE CAN HAVE IS
COURAGE. THESE WOMENSAID, AND I QUOTE, BRIEFLY, THE BEST WERE
CERTAINLY COURAGEOUS. THIS WAS NOT AN EASY EFFORTPROTECTION ANY
WOMAN CAN HAVE IS COURAGE. THAT THEY UNDERTOOK, AND IT CERTAINLY
DIDN’T HAPPEN THESE WOMEN WERE CERTAINLY COURAGEOUS.OVERNIGHT.
IT CERTAINLY DID NOT HAPPEN THIS WAS NOT AN EASY EFFORT THAT
THEY OVERNIGHT. THEUNDERTOOK, AND IT CERTAINLY DIDN’T
SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT ACTUALLYHAPPEN OVERNIGHT. LASTED FOR MORE THAN
SEVEN IT CERTAINLY DID NOT HAPPEN OVERNIGHT.DECADES. NOW,
TO GET A PERSPECTIVE OF A YOUNG THE SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT ACTUALLY
LASTED CHILD HERE THINKING, ARE YOU KIDDING ME! ITFOR MORE THAN
SEVEN DECADES. TOOK NOW, TO GET A PERSPECTIVE OF A YOUNG CHILD
HERE THINKING, ARE YOU KIDDING ME! 70 YEARS?
THAT JUST SHOWS YOU THAT IT’S SO IMPORTANT TO LOOK
RETROSPECTIVELY BACK AND IT TOOK REMIND OURSELVES OF THE
STRUGGLES. THAT JUST SHOWS YOU THAT IT’S SO CAN YOU IMAGINE
HAVING IDEAS, HAVING OPINIONS, IMPORTANT TO LOOK
RETROSPECTIVELY BACK KNOWING IN YOUR HEAD AND YOUR HEART THATAND
REMIND OURSELVES OF THE STRUGGLES. YOU SHOULD BE ABLE TO
EXPRESS OPINIONS AND CAN YOU IMAGINE HAVING IDEAS, HAVING
IDEAS, SHARE THEM WITH THE WORLD AND TAKE THEMOPINIONS, KNOWING
IN YOUR HEAD AND YOUR WITH YOU TO THE BALLOT BOXHEART THAT YOU
SHOULD BE ABLE TO EXPRESS THAT WE’RE GIFTED TO OPINIONS AND
IDEAS, SHARE THEM WITH THE DO IN THIS COUNTRY, AND THEN BEING
TOLD THATWORLD AND TAKE THEM WITH YOU TO THE YOUR IDEAS AND
OPINIONS DON’TBALLOT BOX THAT WE’RE GIFTED TO DO IN REALLY
MATTER. BEING TOLDTHIS COUNTRY, AND THEN
BEING TOLD THAT THAT YOUR IDEAS AND OPINION DON’T REALLY MATTER,
MANY OF YOU, I THINK MANY OF US, HAVEYOUR IDEAS AND OPINIONS
DON’T REALLY MATTER. FELT THAT AT ONE TIME OR BEING TOLD THAT
YOUR IDEAS AND OPINION ANOTHER. BUT THEDON’T REALLY MATTER, MANY
OF YOU, I SUFFRAGISTS, IT WASN’T A QUESTION. IT WAS THINK
MANY OF US, HAVE FELT THAT AT ONE THE WAY THINGS TIME OR
ANOTHER.WERE. UNTIL THESE WOMEN, THESE BUT THE
SUFFRAGISTS, IT WASN’T A QUESTION. SUFFRAGISTS SAID,
ENOUGH. IT WAS THE WAY THINGS WERE. AND THEY STOOD UP, THEY
ORGANIZED, UNTIL THESE WOMEN, THESE SUFFRAGISTS THEY PUTSAID,
ENOUGH. ON THEIR PURPLE AND THEIR WHITE, AND THEIR GOLD AND
THEY STOOD UP, THEY ORGANIZED, AND THEIR SASHES AND THEY
PARADED IN THE STREETS. THEYTHEY PUT ON THEIR PURPLE AND
THEIR MADE THEIR VOICES HEARD, WHITE, AND THEIR GOLD AND THEIR
SASHES ANDAND THEY PARADED IN THE STREETS. THEY CHANGED
HISTORY. THE 19TH AMENDMENT GAVE WOMEN MORE THAN JUST THE
RIGHT TO VOTE. IN MANYCHANGED HISTORY. WAYS, IT GAVE WOMEN THE
COURAGE TO THE 19TH AMENDMENT GAVE WOMEN MORE RUN AND TOTHAN
JUST THE RIGHT TO VOTE. ADVOCATE AND TO LEAD. AND IT’S THAT IN
MANY WAYS, IT GAVE WOMEN THE COURAGE THAT WE ARE HERE TODAY
TO CELEBRATE TONIGHT WITH THIS COURAGE TO RUN AND TO ADVOCATE
AND TO LEAD. EXHIBIT. THE COURAGE OF THE AND IT’S THAT
COURAGE THAT WE ARE HERE SUFFRAGISTS AND THE COURAGE THAT
THEY WORKED TO IMPART ONTODAY TO CELEBRATE TONIGHT WITH THIS
EXHIBIT. GENERATIONS AND GENERATIONS OF WOMEN TO COME, OF
WHICH I’M THE COURAGE OF THE SUFFRAGISTS AND THE BLESSED TO
BE IN THEIR FOOTSTEPS. THE COURAGE THAT THEY WORKED TO
IMPART ON COURAGE TO TURN GENERATIONS AND GENERATIONS OF
WOMEN TO AN IDEACOME, OF WHICH I’M BLESSED TO BE IN INTO AN
THEIR FOOTSTEPS.ACHIEVEMENT, THE COURAGE TO TURN A PASSION INTO
AN ACTION, THE THE COURAGE TO TURN AN IDEA INTO AN COURAGE TO
THINK,ACHIEVEMENT, THE COURAGE TO TURN A YES! YES! WHEN SO
MANY PEOPLE ARE TELLING YOU PASSION INTO AN ACTION, THE
COURAGE TO THINK, YES!NO. YES! AND THEN TO SAY IT, NOT JUST SAY
IT, BUT YELL IT, I’M SURE, AND WHEN SO MANY PEOPLE ARE TELLING
YOU NO. SAY IT OUT LOUD. I WORK EVERY DAY AND THEN TO SAY IT,
NOT JUST SAY IT, IN MY STATE OF WEST VIRGINIA TO MAKE SURE THAT
GIRLSBUT YELL IT, I’M SURE, AND SAY IT OUT LOUD. AND YOUNG WOMEN
ACROSS OUR COUNTRY AND IN I WORK EVERY DAY IN MY STATE OF
WEST MY STATE UNDERSTAND THAT THEY CANVIRGINIA TO MAKE SURE
THAT GIRLS AND DO THE SAME. AND I KNOW THATYOUNG WOMEN
ACROSS OUR COUNTRY AND IN MY SO MANY OTHERS IN THIS ROOM DO
THAT, THROUGH YOURSTATE UNDERSTAND THAT THEY CAN DO THE
SAME. WORDS, YOUR ACTIONS, YOUR EXAMPLE. AND I KNOW THAT SO
MANY OTHERS IN THIS IT DOESN’T HAVE TO BE RUNNING FOR OFFICE.
IT DOESN’T HAVE TO BEROOM DO THAT, THROUGH YOUR WORDS, YOUR
ACTIONS, YOUR EXAMPLE. STARTING A MOVEMENT TO CHANGE THE VERY
IT DOESN’T HAVE TO BE RUNNING FOR OFFICE. FABRIC OF OUR NATION
LIKE THE SUFFRAGISTS DID. IT DOESN’T HAVE TO BE STARTING A
IT CAN BE ANYTHING. ANDMOVEMENT TO CHANGE THE VERY FABRIC OF NO
MATTER WHAT THE SITUATION, NO MATTER WHAT THEOUR NATION LIKE
THE SUFFRAGISTS DID. GOAL, NO MATTER WHAT THE IT CAN BE
ANYTHING. BARRIERS, YOU JUST GOTTA TAKE AND NO MATTER WHAT
THE SITUATION, NO THAT FIRST STEP. YOU HAVE TOMATTER WHAT
THE GOAL, NO MATTER WHAT THE BREATHE LIFE INTO THAT IDEA OR
THATBARRIERS, YOU JUST GOTTA TAKE THAT FIRST OPINION, AND
STEP. YOU JUST HAVE TO ACT ON IT. YOU HAVE TO BREATHE LIFE
INTO THAT THANKFULLY, THE WOMEN WE’RE HERE TO CELEBRATE TONIGHT
DIDIDEA OR THAT OPINION, AND YOU JUST HAVE JUST THAT.
THEIR ACTIONSTO ACT ON IT. LED TO SO MANY OPPORTUNITIES FOR SO
THANKFULLY, THE WOMEN WE’RE HERE TO MANY OTHERCELEBRATE TONIGHT
DID JUST THAT. WOMEN THROUGHOUT HISTORY, AND THAT WILL BE THE
CASE FOR GENERATIONS TO COME. THAT’S A GOOD THING, BECAUSE WE
STILLOPPORTUNITIES FOR SO MANY OTHER WOMEN HAVE SO MANY
THROUGHOUT HISTORY, AND THAT WILL BE THE MOUNTAINSCASE FOR
GENERATIONS TO COME. LEFT TO CLIMB. WE STILL HAVE A THAT’S
A GOOD THING, BECAUSE WE STILL LOT TO ACCOMPLISH, AND WE STILL
HAVE MANYHAVE SO MANY MOUNTAINS LEFT TO CLIMB. FIRSTS TO
CELEBRATE. BUT IF HISTORY IS ANY INDICATION, WE STILL HAVE A
LOT TO ACCOMPLISH, AND THESE DAYS ARE HERE ANDWE STILL HAVE
MANY FIRSTS TO CELEBRATE. THEY WILL KEEP COMING, AND THEY WILL
BECOME BUT IF HISTORY IS ANY INDICATION, BECAUSE OF THE
CONFIDENCE TO SAY YES TO THESE DAYS ARE HERE AND THEY WILL KEEP
OURSELVES, THE DETERMINATION COMING, AND THEY WILL BECOME
BECAUSE OF TO SAY YES TO THE WORLDTHE CONFIDENCE TO SAY YES
TO OURSELVES, AND THE COURAGE TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT IT. THANK
YOU SO MUCH. [Applause]THE DETERMINATION TO
SAY YES TO THE WORLD AND THE COURAGE TO DO SOMETHING ABOUT
IT. THANK YOU SO MUCH. [Applause] Speaker: ON THIS DAY IN 1919,
THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS APPROVED THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE
AMENDMENT FOR THE RIGHT TO Speaker:Speaker: ON THIS DAY IN
1919, THE UNITED VOTE. TODAY, WESTATES CONGRESS
APPROVED THE WOMEN’S INVITE MEMBERS OF CONGRESS TO THE STAGE
TO READSUFFRAGE AMENDMENT FOR THE RIGHT TO VOTE. THIS HISTORIC
AMENDMENT IN COMMEMORATION OF ITS CENTENNIAL.
WE ALSO WELCOME THETHE STAGE TO READ THIS HISTORIC CHAIR OF THE
WOMEN’S SUFFRAGEAMENDMENT IN COMMEMORATION OF ITS CENTENNIAL.
CENTENNIAL COMMISSION, KAY COLES JAMES, AND THE VICE CHAIR,
SENATOR BARBARA MIKULSKI, TO JOINWOMEN’S SUFFRAGE CENTENNIAL
COMMISSION, THE READING. [Applause]KAY COLES JAMES, AND
THE VICE CHAIR, SENATOR BARBARA MIKULSKI, TO JOIN THE READING. [Applause] Speaker: THIS IS KIND OF LIKE
CONGRESSIONAL KAROAKE HERE. Speaker:CONGRESSIONAL KAROAKE
HERE. Speaker: AND SO, LET’S BEGIN.
3-2-1…Speaker: AND SO, LET’S BEGIN.
THE RIGHT FOR CITIZENS OF THE UNITED STATES TO VOTE SHALL NOT
BE DENIED OR THE RIGHT FOR CITIZENS OF THE UNITED ABRIDGED
BY THE UNITED STATES OR BY ANY STATE ONSTATES TO VOTE SHALL NOT
BE DENIED OR ACCOUNT OF ABRIDGED BY THE UNITED STATES OR
BY ANY SEX, CONGRESS SHALLSTATE ON HAVE POWER TO ENFORCE THIS
ARTICLE BY APPROPRIATE LEGISLATION. ACCOUNT OF SEX,
CONGRESS SHALL HAVE Speaker: AMEN. POWER TO ENFORCE
THIS ARTICLE BY APPROPRIATE LEGISLATION. [CHEERS AND APPLAUSE]
Speaker: AND WE THANK[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE] THE MEMBERS OF
CONGRESS WHO ARE JOINING US TODAY, THE MEMBERS OF THE
COMMISSION, WE THANK YOU SO, SO MUCH. CONGRESS WHO ARE JOINING
US TODAY, THE MEMBERS OF THE COMMISSION, WE THANK YOU SO, SO
MUCH. [Applause] WELCOME UNITED STATES SENATOR
MARSHA BLACKBURN AND UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVESpeaker:
PLEASE WELCOME UNITED STATES BRENDA
[Applause] LAWRENCE, SPONSORS OF THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE CENTENNIAL
SENATOR MARSHA BLACKBURN AND UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE
BRENDA LAWRENCE, COMMEMORATIVE COIN ACT. SPONSORS OF THE
WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE [Applause]
Senator Blackburn: WELL, BRENDA AND I SHOULD HAVE JUST — WE
[Applause]CAME UP THE STEPS TOGETHER. WE SHOULD HAVE COME
HERE. I HAVE TO TELL YOU, TODAY’S BEEN ASenator Blackburn:
WELL, BRENDA AND I SHOULD HAVE JUST — WE CAME UP THE STEPS
MAGNIFICENTTOGETHER. DAY IN THE WE SHOULD HAVE COME HERE. U.S.
I HAVE TO TELL YOU, TODAY’S BEEN A
SENATE. AND WE HAVE TRULY KICKED OFF OUR YEAR OF
CELEBRATION AS WE HAVE AND WE HAVE TRULY KICKED OFF OUR YEAR
CELEBRATED 100 YEARS PAST THAT THIS WAS THE DAY THAT WE SENTOF
CELEBRATION AS WE HAVE THE 19TH AMENDMENT TO THE STATES
CELEBRATED 100 YEARS PAST THAT THIS WAS FOR THE DAY THAT WE SENT THE 19TH
AMENDMENT RATIFICATION. AND FOR US, WE’VE HAD SUCH ATO THE
STATES FOR GOOD RATIFICATION. TIME CELEBRATING THIS, AND JUST
RECOGNIZING THE WOMEN FROM OUR STATE AND FOR US, WE’VE HAD
SUCH A GOOD TIME WHO DID SO MUCH TOCELEBRATING THIS, AND
JUST RECOGNIZING MAKE THIS THE WOMEN FROM OUR STATE WHO DID SO
MUCH HAPPEN. AND AS WE HAVE TALKED ABOUT THE DAY, WE’VETO
MAKE THIS HAPPEN. TALKED ABOUT TENNESSEE AND CARLA MENTIONED
AND AS WE HAVE TALKED ABOUT THE DAY, THIS. WE WERE THE 36TH
WE’VE TALKED ABOUT TENNESSEE AND CARLA STATE,MENTIONED THIS. AND
RATIFICATION CAME ON WE WERE THE 36TH STATE, AND
AUGUST 18TH, 1920. AND WE KNOW THAT THERATIFICATION CAME 72
YEARS — JUST THINK ABOUT ON AUGUST 18TH,
1920. IT, 72 YEARS — THAT THIS MOVEMENT CARRIED THE
MOMENTUM THAT WAS NECESSARY TO EMPOWER EACHTHAT THIS MOVEMENT
CARRIED THE MOMENTUM AND EVERY ONE OF US, AND THEN IN THAT
AUGUST, WHEN EVERYONETHAT WAS NECESSARY TO EMPOWER EACH AND
CAME TO NASHVILLE, ALL THEEVERY ONE OF US, AND THEN IN THAT
SUFFRAGISTS AND ALL THE PROS AND CONSAUGUST, WHEN EVERYONE CAME
TO NASHVILLE, CAME, IT WAS 72 ALL THE SUFFRAGISTS AND ALL THE
PROS AND STEPS FROM THE HERMITAGE HOTEL, WHERE THEY
GATHERED FOR TEA ANDCONS CAME, IT WAS 72 STEPS FROM THE
ORGANIZED TO THE STATE CAPITOL, WHERE THEY WEREHERMITAGE HOTEL,
WHERE THEY GATHERED FOR SUCCESSFUL. SO WE’VE HAD A
WONDERFUL TIMETEA AND ORGANIZED TO THE STATE CAPITOL, WHERE
THEY WERE SUCCESSFUL. CELEBRATING, AND ALSO TODAY, IN
THE HOUSE, WE PASSED SO WE’VE HAD A WONDERFUL TIME THE
CELEBRATING, AND ALSO TODAY, IN THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE CENTENNIAL
COMMISSION COMMEMORATIVE COIN HOUSE, WE
PASSED THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE BILL.
S-1235. AND THISCENTENNIAL COMMISSION IS BEING
COMMEMORATIVE COIN BILL. HANDLED IN THE HOUSE BY BRENDA AND ALSO
OUR COLLEAGUE, AND THIS IS BEING HANDLED IN THE HOUSE ELISE
STEFANIK, WHO IS FROM NEW YORK, AND THIS COIN WILL COMMEMORATE
THE 72 YEARS THAT ITBY BRENDA AND ALSO OUR COLLEAGUE, ELISE
TOOK TO GETSTEFANIK, WHO IS FROM NEW YORK, AND THIS WOMEN’S
SUFFRAGE PASSED IN THECOIN WILL COMMEMORATE THE 72 YEARS THAT
U.S. TREASURY — AND THE U.S. TREASURYIT TOOK TO GET WOMEN’S
SUFFRAGE PASSED WILL MINT A SILVER COMMEMORATIVEIN THE U.S.
COIN IN HONOR TREASURY — AND THE U.S. OF THIS CENTENNIAL.
BRENDA? [Applause]TREASURY WILL MINT A
SILVER COMMEMORATIVE COIN IN HONOR OF THIS CENTENNIAL.
Speaker: GOOD EVENING. I’M SO EXCITED TO BE[Applause] HERE.
WE HADSpeaker: GOOD EVENING. OUR I’M SO EXCITED TO BE HERE.
CELEBRATION LAST MONTH, AND TO BE HERE TODAY IN OUR WAY WITH
OUR YELLOW ROSES, IT WAS WE HAD OUR CELEBRATION LAST MONTH, AND
SUCH AN HONOR. I JUSTTO BE HERE TODAY IN OUR WAY WITH OUR WANT
TO GIVE A LITTLE REFLECTION YELLOW ROSES, IT WAS SUCH AN
HONOR. ON HISTORY TODAY. AT A TIME IN I JUST WANT TO GIVE A
LITTLE OUR COUNTRY WHERE THERE WEREREFLECTION ON HISTORY TODAY.
DECISIONS MADE THAT WOMEN WOULD NOT HAVE THE AT A TIME IN OUR
COUNTRY WHERE THERE RIGHT TO VOTE, THINK ABOUTWERE DECISIONS
MADE THAT WOMEN WOULD NOT IT, THE ACTUAL CONVERSATION,
LEGISLATION, PROTESTS, THAT WAS HAVE THE RIGHT TO VOTE, THINK
ABOUT IT, NEEDED FOR US TO HAVE THE RIGHT TO VOTE. AND LADIES
AND THE ACTUAL CONVERSATION, LEGISLATION, GENTLEMEN, I STAND
PROTESTS, THAT WAS NEEDED FOR US TO HAVE HERE TODAY AS A BLACK
WOMANTHE RIGHT TO VOTE. IN AMERICA, AND WHILE WE CELEBRATE
THE AND LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, I STAND HERE WOMEN WHO FOUGHT AND
TODAY AS A BLACK WOMAN IN AMERICA, AND WHO PROTESTED,
WENT TO JAIL BECAUSE THEYWHILE WE CELEBRATE THE WOMEN WHO
FOUGHT WOULD NOT GIVE UP, THEY HAD COURAGE. ALSO WANT TO
REMEMBER AND MAKEAND WHO PROTESTED, WENT TO JAIL BECAUSE
SURE THEY WOULD NOT GIVE UP, THEY HAD COURAGE.THAT HISTORY
REFLECTS THAT BLACK WOMEN DID NOT GET THE ALSO WANT TO
REMEMBER AND MAKE SURE RIGHT TO VOTE UNTILTHAT HISTORY REFLECTS
THAT BLACK WOMEN 60 YEARS LATER.
[Applause] [Applause]
NATIVE AMERICAN WOMEN DID NOT GET THE RIGHT TO VOTE UNTIL FOUR
YEARS LATER. NATIVE AMERICAN WOMEN DID NOT GET THE RIGHT TO
VOTE UNTIL FOUR YEARS LATER. [Applause]
AND SO OFTEN, PEOPLE DON’T REALIZE[Applause] THAT SOJOURNER TRUTH WAS A
SUFFRAGIST. SHE WASAND SO OFTEN, PEOPLE DON’T REALIZE ONE
OF THE ORIGINAL ONES, AND I JUST WANT TO USE ONE OF THAT
SOJOURNER TRUTH WAS A SUFFRAGIST. HER QUOTES BECAUSE
SHE WAS SUCH AN AMAZING WOMAN. THEN THAT LITTLE SHE WAS ONE OF
THE ORIGINAL ONES, AND MAN IN BLACK, HEI JUST WANT TO USE ONE
OF HER QUOTES SAYS WOMEN CAN’T BECAUSE SHE WAS SUCH AN AMAZING
WOMAN. HAVE AS MANY RIGHTS AS MEN CAUSE THEN THAT LITTLE MAN
IN BLACK, HE SAYS CHRIST WASN’T A WOMAN. WHERE DID YOUR CHRIST
WOMEN CAN’T HAVE AS MANY RIGHTS AS MEN COME FROM?
WHERE DID YOURCAUSE CHRIST WASN’T A WOMAN. CHRIST COME
FROM? FROM GOD AND A WOMAN. MAN
DIDN’T HAVE ANYTHING TO DOFROM GOD AND A WOMAN. MAN DIDN’T
HAVE ANYTHING TO DO WITH IT. WITH IT.
[Applause] AND THEN SHE CONTINUED. IF THE FIRST WOMAN
GOD EVER MADE WAS STRONG ENOUGH TO TURNAND THEN SHE THE WORLD
CONTINUED. UPSIDE DOWN ALL IF THE FIRST WOMAN GOD EVER MADE
WAS ALONE, THESE WOMENSTRONG ENOUGH TO TURN THE WORLD UPSIDE
TOGETHER OUGHT TO BE ABLE TO TURN IT BACK AND GET IT RIGHT
DOWN ALL ALONE, THESE WOMEN TOGETHER SIDE UPOUGHT TO BE
ABLE TO TURN IT BACK AND GET AGAIN. AND NOW, THEY ARE ASKING
TO DO IT AND THE MEN BETTER LET THEM. IT RIGHT SIDE UP AGAIN.
[Applause] AND NOW, THEY ARE ASKING TO DO IT AND THE MEN
BETTER LET THEM. I’M SO GLAD TO BE STANDING HERE
TODAY, BECAUSE[Applause] I STAND ON THE SHOULDERS OF THOSE WOMEN,
THOSE LEADERSI’M SO GLAD TO BE STANDING HERE TODAY, WHO HAD
COURAGE, AND I SAYBECAUSE I STAND ON THE SHOULDERS OF THIS
CONSTANTLY. THOSE WOMEN, THOSE LEADERS WHO HAD WOMEN, WE ARE
WRITING HISTORY TODAY. AS COURAGE, AND I SAY THIS
CONSTANTLY. WE REFLECT ON THESE AMAZING AND BRAVE WOMEN, WE ARE
WOMEN, WE ARE WRITING HISTORY TODAY. 52 AS WE REFLECT ON
THESE AMAZING AND PERCENT OF THE POPULATION AND THE LARGEST
VOTING BLOCK IN AMERICA. AND SO WHEN IBRAVE WOMEN, WE ARE
52 PERCENT OF THE LISTEN TO THE WORDS THAT WERE SAID BACK
POPULATION AND THE LARGEST VOTING BLOCK AT THEIN AMERICA.
FIRST WOMEN’S CONVENTION THAT WE AS WOMEN CAN TURN IT BACK WERE
SAID BACK AT THE FIRST WOMEN’S RIGHT, I’M COUNTING ON EVERY
WOMAN IN THIS ROOM. CONVENTION THAT WE AS WOMEN CAN TURN IT
I’M SO GLAD FOR US TO REFLECT ON OUR HISTORY. BACK RIGHT, I’M
COUNTING ON EVERY WOMAN I’M ALSOIN THIS ROOM. PROUD THAT
WE’LL BE ABLE TO HAVE A COIN I’M SO GLAD FOR US TO REFLECT ON
OUR HISTORY. THAT WILL COMMEMORATE AND TO STAND I’M
ALSO PROUD THAT WE’LL BE ABLE TO WITH THE LEADERSHIP OF SENATOR
BLACKBURN TO BE ABLE TOHAVE A COIN THAT WILL COMMEMORATE AND
TO MAKE THAT HAPPEN. YOU KNOW I’M GOING TO TELL MYSTAND WITH
THE LEADERSHIP OF SENATOR CHILDREN, LIKE THIS YOUNG LADY
THERE, I’MBLACKBURN TO BE ABLE TO MAKE THAT HAPPEN. GOING TO
TELL MY GRANDCHILDREN, YOUR YOU KNOW I’M GOING TO TELL MY
GRANDMA DID THAT. CHILDREN, LIKE THIS YOUNG LADY THERE,
[Applause]I’M GOING TO TELL MY GRANDCHILDREN, YOUR GRANDMA DID
THAT. WE ARE ALSO LEADING[Applause] A
HOUSE AND SENATE LETTER TO THE CITIZENS STAMP ADVISORY
COMMITTEE TO MAKE SURE WE ACTUALLYWE ARE ALSO LEADING A
HOUSE AND SENATE GET A POSTAGE STAMP AS WELL TOLETTER TO THE
CITIZENS STAMP ADVISORY COMMEMORATE OUR OFFICIAL 100TH
COMMITTEE TO MAKE SURE WE ACTUALLY GET A YEAR. I’M PROUD
TO BE THEPOSTAGE STAMP AS WELL TO COMMEMORATE OUR DEMOCRATIC
LEAD ON THE STAMP AND THE OFFICIAL 100TH YEAR.COIN, AND I
JUST WANT TO LEAVE I’M PROUD TO BE THE DEMOCRATIC LEAD ON YOU
WITH THIS. I FIGHT EVERY DAYTHE STAMP AND THE COIN, AND I JUST
WANT AND SHOW UP BECAUSE ITO LEAVE YOU WITH THIS. LOVE THIS
COUNTRY. I I FIGHT EVERY DAY AND SHOW UP BECAUSE LOVE I LOVE
THIS COUNTRY.AMERICA. AND FOR THOSE WHO HEARD ME SPEAK BEFORE,
I LOVE AMERICA, I EVEN THOUGH SOMETIMES SHE DIDN’T LOVE LOVE
AMERICA. ME BACK. SHE DIDN’T LOVE ME BECAUSE AND FOR THOSE
WHO HEARD ME SPEAK I WAS A WOMAN. SHE DIDN’TBEFORE, I LOVE
AMERICA, EVEN THOUGH LOVE ME BECAUSESOMETIMES SHE DIDN’T LOVE
ME BACK. I WAS AN AFRICAN-AMERICAN. SHE DIDN’T
LOVE ME BECAUSE I WAS A WOMAN. BUT OUR SHE DIDN’T LOVE ME
BECAUSE I WAS AN AFRICAN-AMERICAN.DEMOCRACY OF
THIS AMAZING COUNTRY, WITH PERSISTENCE AND WITH THE HARD
WORK AND SACRIFICE AND THE BUT OUR DEMOCRACY OF THIS AMAZING
COURAGE OFCOUNTRY, WITH PERSISTENCE AND WITH THE
AMERICANS, WE CHANGE THINGS IN THIS COUNTRY.
AND IHARD WORK AND SACRIFICE AND THE COURAGE WILL CONTINUE TO
SHOW UP AND WALK THE HALLS OFOF AMERICANS, WE CHANGE THINGS IN
THIS COUNTRY. CONGRESS BUILT BY SLAVES TO SHOWAND I WILL
CONTINUE TO SHOW UP AND WALK UP TO UNDERSTAND AND TO FIGHT AND
MAKE SURE THATTHE HALLS OF CONGRESS BUILT BY SLAVES TO THE
DEMOCRACYSHOW UP TO UNDERSTAND AND TO FIGHT AND THAT WE LOVE
CONTINUES. I AM THE BIPARTISAN CHAIRMAKE SURE THAT THE
DEMOCRACY OF THE WOMEN’S CAUCUS AND I’M FOCUSED THAT WE LOVE
CONTINUES. ON ENSURING WOMEN IN AMERICA WILL CONTINUE TO HAVE
THE I AM THE BIPARTISAN CHAIR OF THE RIGHTS AND THE FREEDOMS
THAT WERE FOUGHTWOMEN’S CAUCUS AND I’M FOCUSED ON FOR IN THIS
ENSURING WOMEN IN AMERICA WILL CONTINUE COUNTRY. AND I WILL
CONTINUE TO SHOWTO HAVE THE RIGHTS AND THE FREEDOMS THAT UP
BECAUSE I BELIEVEWERE FOUGHT FOR IN THIS COUNTRY. IN ONE NATION
UNDER AND I WILL CONTINUE TO SHOW UP BECAUSE GOD, INDIVISIBLE
WITH LIBERTY AND JUSTICE FOR ALL, AND THAT INCLUDES US WOMEN.
THANK I BELIEVE IN ONE NATION UNDER GOD, INDIVISIBLE WITH
LIBERTY AND JUSTICE FOR ALL, AND THAT INCLUDES US WOMEN. [CHEERS AND APPLAUSE] YOU.
[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE] Speaker: PLEASE WELCOME THE
CHAIRMAN OF THE FIRST FINANCIAL BANK, ALBERT HEGYI. YOU.
[CHEERS AND APPLAUSE] Speaker: PLEASE WELCOME THE
CHAIRMAN [Applause]
Albert Hegyi:[Applause] GOOD EVENING, EVERYONE. THIS HAS
BEEN A WONDERFUL CELEBRATION, AND IT’S REALLY AAlbert Hegyi:
GOOD EVENING, EVERYONE. PRIVILEGE FOR FIRST FINANCIAL TO
BE SUPPORTING THIS HAS BEEN A WONDERFUL CELEBRATION, THIS
EXHIBITION. ALONGAND IT’S REALLY A PRIVILEGE FOR FIRST
WITH THE OTHER GENEROUS SPONSORS AND FINANCIAL TO BE SUPPORTING
THIS EXHIBITION.DONORS OF THIS EXHIBITION CELEBRATING THE
CENTENNIAL OF ALONG WITH THE OTHER GENEROUS SPONSORS WOMEN’S
RIGHT TO VOTE, WE’RE HERE TOAND DONORS OF THIS EXHIBITION
SUPPORT THE LIBRARY OF CELEBRATING THE CENTENNIAL OF
WOMEN’S CONGRESS AND TO SUPPORT THE FIRST WOMAN TO LEADRIGHT TO
VOTE, WE’RE HERE TO SUPPORT THE THIS INSTITUTION SINCE 1802.
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS AND TO SUPPORT THE FIRST WOMAN TO LEAD
THIS INSTITUTION SINCE 1802. THAT’S MUCH MORE THAN 72 YEARS,
SO CONGRATULATIONS. CARLA HAYDEN IS ALSO THAT’S MUCH MORE
THAN 72 YEARS, SO CONGRATULATIONS. THE FIRST
AFRICAN-AMERICAN LIBRARIAN CARLA HAYDEN IS ALSO THE FIRST
AFRICAN-AMERICAN LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS. OF CONGRESS. HOW
APPROPRIATE IT IS THAT DR. HAYDEN NOW HOLDS THIS PROMINENT
POSITION ON A DAY HOW APPROPRIATE IT IS THAT DR. THAT
WE CELEBRATE A GREAT HAYDEN NOW HOLDS THIS PROMINENT MILESTONE
FOR AMERICA, THE ENACTMENT OF THEPOSITION ON A DAY THAT WE
CELEBRATE A 19TH AMENDMENT. ALREADY IN GREAT MILESTONE FOR
AMERICA, THE THE RATHER SHORT TIME DR. HAYDEN HAS BEEN AT THE
ENACTMENT OF THE 19TH AMENDMENT. HELM, SHE EXEMPLIFIES ALREADY
IN THE RATHER SHORT TIME DR. CHANGE AND PROGRESS.
FOR EXAMPLE, DR. HAYDEN HAS BEEN AT THE HELM, SHE HAYDEN HAS
A NEWEXEMPLIFIES CHANGE AND PROGRESS. STRATEGIC PLAN —
SOMETIMES PAPERS STICK TOGETHER. SORRY — HAYDEN HAS A NEW
FOR THE FUTURE OF THE LIBRARY, STRATEGIC PLAN — SOMETIMES
PAPERS INCLUDING THESTICK TOGETHER. NEW DIGITAL PLAN TO
BENEFIT THE PUBLIC, AND SHE’SFOR THE FUTURE OF THE LIBRARY,
INCLUDING EVEN ANNOUNCED EFFORTS TO THE NEW DIGITAL PLAN
TO BENEFIT THE REDESIGN PARTS OF THIS THOMAS JEFFERSON BUILDING
TOPUBLIC, AND SHE’S EVEN ANNOUNCED EFFORTS CREATE THE
OPTIMUM EXPERIENCE FOR ITSTO REDESIGN PARTS OF THIS THOMAS
MORE THAN TWO MILLION VISITORS EVERY YEAR. JEFFERSON BUILDING
TO CREATE THE OPTIMUM ALL FOR THE PUBLIC, ALL FOREXPERIENCE
FOR ITS MORE THAN TWO MILLION VISITORS EVERY YEAR. THE FUTURE.
THROUGH HER MANY ALL FOR THE PUBLIC, ALL FOR EXHIBITIONS, THE
FUTURE. DISPLAYS, CELEBRATIONS, AWARDS, SYMPOSIUMS AND PROGRAMS,
SHE HAS PROVEN THROUGH HER MANY EXHIBITIONS, THROUGHOUT HER
LIFE TO BE A TRAIL BLAZER DISPLAYS, CELEBRATIONS, AWARDS,
AND A VERYSYMPOSIUMS AND PROGRAMS, SHE HAS PROVEN
THROUGHOUT HER LIFE TO BE A TRAIL BLAZER AND A VERY DECISIVE LEADER.
NOW, DR. HAYDEN, AS LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS, IS ON A MISSION. IN HER WORDS, SHE WANTS TO OPEN
TO THE WORLD TO THE TREASURE CHEST THAT
IS THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. I AM HONORED TO WELCOME THE
LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS, DR. CARLA HAYDEN, BACK TO THE PODIUM. DR. [Applause] Hayden: THANK YOU, MR. HEGYI, FOR THOSE VERY KIND WORDS
AND YOUR SUPPORT OF THIS INSTITUTION, AND I WANT YOU TO KNOW THAT WE DO
SUPPORT EQUAL RIGHTS, AND YOU WERE ABLE TO SPEAK. NOW IT IS MY PLEASURE TO
INTRODUCE TWO VERY SPECIAL GUESTS. WE HAVE TWO VERY
ACCOMPLISHED WRITERS WHO HAVE DONE EXTENSIVE RESEARCH ON THE
SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT AND HAVE WRITTEN BRILLIANT BOOKS ABOUT
IT. SO PLEASE JOIN ME IN WELCOMING
REBECCA BOGGS ROBERTS, AUTHOR OF
SUFFRAGETTES IN WASHINGTON, D.C. , THE 1913 PARADE AND FIGHT FOR
THE VOTE, AND ELAINE WEISS, AUTHOR OF “THE WOMAN’S HOUR, THE
GREAT FIGHT TO WIN THE [Applause] Speaker: THANK YOU ALL SO MUCH
FOR HAVING US HERE ON THIS HISTORIC NIGHT IN THIS HISTORIC
ROOM. WE GOT A SNEAK PEEK OF THE
EXHIBIT UPSTAIRS, AND IT IS JAW-DROPPING. WE BOTH HAD TO BE
DRAGGED OUT OF THERE. AND YOU ALL WILL GET A CHANCE TO SEE IT
LATER ON. AND IT’S REALLY — IT JUST SHOWCASES NOT JUST THE
EXTRAORDINARY STORY OF WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE, BUT THE RESOURCES THIS
INSTITUTION HAS TO OFFER TO HISTORIANS AND VISITORS AND
PEOPLE INTERESTED IN LEARNING MORE ABOUT OUR COUNTRY.
BOTH OF US DID LOTS OF RESEARCH HERE.THE COLLECTIONS ARE
UNRIVALED, AND IF YOU WANT TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE SUFFRAGE
STORY, AND WE CERTAINLY HOPE YOU DO, READ OUR BOOKS, BUT THEN
ALSO COME AND LEARN WHAT THERE IS TO
LEARN HERE. AND YOU GOT A CHANCE TO SEE ANOTHER HISTORIC
ROOM TODAY. I WAS, ALONG WITH OTHER MEMBERS
OF THE COMMISSION AND OTHER GUESTS, I WAS ABLE TO BE IN THE GALLERY OF THE
SENATE THIS AFTERNOON TO HEAR SOME VERY
BEAUTIFUL TRIBUTES TO THE PASSAGE OF THE 19TH AMENDMENT ON JUNE 4TH OF 1919.
AND IT WAS VERY STIRRING FOR ME, FOR SOMEONE WHO HAD STUDIED THE
CONGRESSIONAL RECORD OF THAT DAY, AND OF COURSE SPENT MANY, MANY HOURS
WORKING WITH LIBRARY OF CONGRESS MATERIALS.THE SENSE — I TRIED
TO IMAGINE WHAT IT WAS LIKE FOR THE SUFFRAGISTS TO BE SITTING IN THAT VERY GALLERY
WATCHING THEIR CAUSE BEING DECIDED. SOMETHING WE, AGAIN, WE KNOW OF
THE 72 YEARS THAT THE MOVEMENT HAD TO WORK IN ORDER TO FINALLY
ACHIEVE EQUAL RIGHTS FOR WOMEN, BUT IN THE SENATE AND
IN THE HOUSE, IN CONGRESS, IT HAD BEEN
STALLED, THE AMENDMENT, FEDERAL AMENDMENT, HAD BEEN STALLED FOR
40 YEARS. AND IT HAD BEEN VOTED DOWN 28
TIMES.Speaker: AND SOMETIMES SO CLOSE! EITHER IN COMMITTEE OR ON
THE FLOOR. AND SO THE WOMEN MUST HAVE HAD A
SENSE OF BOTH ELATION AND DREAD AND
EXHAUSTION AND A SENSE OF FINAL JUSTICE. BUT THEY DIDN’T
CELEBRATE. IN FACT, WE KNOW THAT ALICE PAUL
AND CARRIE CATTS, THE LEADERS OF THE TWO WINGS OF THE SUFFRAGE
MOVEMENT, WERE NOT IN THE GALLERY, AS SOME OF US WERE
TODAY. THEY WERE OUT ALREADY PLANNING
FOR THE RATIFICATION FIGHT, WHICH WAS GOING TO BE A VERY,
VERY DIFFICULT FIGHT. SO WE KNOW THAT LOOKING FORWARD,
THESE WOMEN AND THE MEN WHO SUPPORTED THEM WERE ALWAYS
LOOKING FORWARD. THEY WERE NEVER SATISFIED. THEY DIDN’T
JUST, YOU KNOW, HAVE A PARTY AND SAY THAT’S ENOUGH. THEY HAD TO GO GET THE NEXT
STAGE OF THE FIGHT. Speaker: AND, YOU KNOW, SO MOST
OF MY RESEARCH IS ABOUT THE NATIONAL WOMEN’S PARTY,
ESPECIALLY HERE IN WASHINGTON, AND ALICE PAUL AND ALL THE
THINGS SHE DID HERE. ELAINE FOCUSES ON THE THE RATIFICATION SITE, AND CARRIE CHAPMAN CATTTS,
WHO WAS THE GENERAL OF THAT SUCCESS, AND THOSE TWO WOMEN
REALLY SORT OF EMBODY SOMETHING THAT COMES UP A LOT. WE
DISCOVERED WHEN WE TALK ABOUT OUR BOOKS AND ABOUT THIS
MOVEMENT, THAT A LOT OF PEOPLE ASK WHAT CAN THE
CONTEMPORARY MOVEMENT LEARN FROM THE SUFFRAGE FIGHT AND WHAT DO
YOU SEE REFLECTED IN CURRENT FEMINIST WORK? AND ONE OF THE THINGS THAT I
THINK WE BOTH EMPHASIZE A LOT IS THAT, YOU KNOW, THE NATIONAL
WOMEN’S PARTY LED BY ALICE PAUL, AND THE NATIONAL
AMERICAN WOMAN SUFFRAGE ASSOCIATION, THEY
WERE AT TIMES RIVALRYISTS AND SAID NASTY THINGS ABOUT EACH
OTHER, BUT THEY ALSO REALLY SERVED EACH OTHER’S PURPOSES
BECAUSE THE RADICAL WING SERVED TO MAKE THE MODERATE WING LOOK
REASONABLE AND THE MODERATE WING WENT ABOUT DOING THIS SLOW,
STEADY, EXHAUSTING GRASSROOTS WORK, WHILE THE RADICAL WING COULD DO THE
MASSIVE PUBLICITY RADICAL STUNTS THAT THEY DID, AND WITHOUT THE
MODERATE WING, THE WOMEN’S PARTY WAS JUST STUMPED AND WITHOUT THE
FRINGE ELEMENT, THE MODERATE PARTY WOULD HAVE KEPT FIGHTING
THAT SLOW, STEADY FIGHT FOR GOD KNOWS
HOW LONG.Speaker: AND AGAIN, BOTH REBECCA AND I IN OUR
RESEARCH, AGAIN, AT DIFFERENT MOMENTS OF THE SUFFRAGE FIGHT,
REALIZED HOW MUCH THIS IDEA OF TWO
ORGANIZATIONS WITH THE SAME GOALS, WITH THE
SAME PASSION, WITH THE SAME IDEA OF JUSTICE AND EQUALITY IN THEIR
SITES AND THEIR REASON FOR BEING, BUT THEY WENT ABOUT IT IN
DIFFERENT WAYS. THEY HAD DIFFERENT METHODS. AND TO SEE THEM WORK ON THEIR
OWN TRACKS, BUT TOWARDS THAT SAME GOAL IS SOMETHING I THINK WE CAN REALLY
LEARN FROM. WE CAN LEARN HOW WE CAN TAKE
DIFFERENT APPROACHES TO THE SAME PROBLEM, TO THE SAME GOAL, AND THERE’S A SYNERGY
BETWEEN THE DIFFERENT APPROACHES AND
WHAT I HOPE THAT WE CAN AVOID IS SOME OF THE PERSONAL ANIMOSITY
THAT YOU SEE IN THE LETTERS HERE IN THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.
WHEN YOU DO GO THROUGH THEM, YOU SEE THAT THE POLITICAL DOES
BECOME THE PERSONAL VERY OFTEN AND THERE IS DISTRUST BETWEEN THE WOMEN. NOT JUST THE LEADERS, BUT EVEN
THE FOOT SOLDIERS. SO THAT’S SOMETHING THAT I HOPE WE CAN
LEARN FROM AND LEARN THAT THAT IS NOT REALLY PRODUCTIVE. BUT THE IDEA
OF PROTESTS, YOU KNOW, THERE ARE DIFFERENT KINDS OF
PROTESTS, AND REBECCA’S BOOK GIVES
ENORMOUS TANTALIZING DETAIL ABOUT THE
GREAT MARCH THAT WAS STAGED HERE, RIGHT HERE IN WASHINGTON
IN MARCH OF 1913. ONE OF THE BIGGEST PROTESTS IN
THE EARLY LAST STAGE OF THE SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT, AND REBECCA,
YOU CAN TALK ABOUT THAT, AND THEN I’LL JUST MENTION THAT HOW IMPORTANT PROTEST IS.Speaker:
YEAH. SO, YOU KNOW, WE ALL ARE
WASHINGTONIANS. YOU GO DOWN EVERY DAY AND THERE’S ALWAYS A
PROTEST, RIGHT? WE THINK OF IT AS JUST A TRAFFIC HEADACHE. BUT
THAT IDEA OF TAKING AN ISSUE TO THE CORE OF FEDERAL POWER,
MARCHING VERY DELIBERATELY FROM THE EXECUTIVE
BRANCH TO THE BRANCH RIGHT DOWN PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE, THAT WAS
HER IDEA. SHE BROUGHT THAT PRESENCE HERE, AND, YOU KNOW,
THE RESEARCH IS SO GREAT, BECAUSE SHE KEPT TRYING TO GET
THE PERMIT FOR PENNSYLVANIA AVENUE AND THE POLICE CHIEF WAS REALLY NOT DOWN
WITH THAT PLAN, IN PART BECAUSE SHE
WANTED TO COINCIDE AND THE PARADE WOULD BE MARCH 3RD AND THE MARCH WOULD BE MARCH
4TH, AND THE POLICE WAS STRETCHED
THIN WITH THE INAUGURATION COMING UP, AND 12, 13TH STREET
WAS RUM ROW, SO HE THOUGHT, YOU KNOW, A BUNCH OF WOMEN MARCHING
IN THE STREETS PLUS THIN POLICE FORCE PLUS BOOZE EQUALS SAD
NEWS, AND HE KEPT SAYING THINGS LIKE HOW ABOUT 16TH STREET, YOU
CAN STILL END AT THE WHITE HOUSE, AND SHE DIDN’T WANT THE
SAFE, LEAFY STREETS OF SHEPHERD PARK. SHE WANTED TO MARCH DOWN
THE MIDDLE OF THE CORRIDORS OF FEDERAL WASHINGTON, AND THE
OTHER PART OF THE STORY — I MEAN, IT IS AMAZING THAT SHE WAS
THAT BOLD.IT WAS PRETTY TRANSGRESSIVE FOR WOMEN TO MARCH
IN THE STREETS IN 1915. THE ORGANIZATION LEVEL IS
EXTRAORDINARY. THE WOMEN HAD MATCHING COSTUMES. BUT ALSO, SHE WAS SUCH A GREAT
PUBLICITY MANAGER! I MEAN, SHE MANAGED TO PLANT
STORIES IN NEWSPAPERS ALL OVER THE COUNTRY. SHE THOUGHT
THROUGH HOW THINGS WOULD LOOK IN PICTURES. THERE WAS THIS WHOLE SORT OF
TORTURED ALLEGORY. IT HAD VERY LITTLE TO DO WITH SUFFRAGE, BUT
BOY ARE THOSE PICTURES AMAZING. YOU CAN FIND THEM ALL HERE. AND
SHE JUST WAS SUCH A PRO ABOUT HOW ALL OF THAT WORKED. AND NOW
WE LOOK BACK THROUGH THE LENS OF HISTORY, A HUNDRED YEARS AGO,
ALL THAT, BUT THEY WERE REALLY THOROUGH. TODAY, AS ACTIVISTS TODAY, THEY
WOULD BE — THINK WHAT THEY WOULD DO WITH
MEADE SOCIAL MEDIA, RIGHT? ALL THOSE BANNERS ARE TWEETS.
Speaker: EXACTLY. AND ALL THOSE PHOTOGRAPHS. THERE’S AN
ENORMOUS COLLECTION HERE AT THE LIBRARY, WHICH IS SO
VALUABLE TO BOTH OF US. IT’S CALLED “WOMEN OF PROTEST,” AND
IT IS THE PHOTOGRAPHIC RECORD OF THE WOMEN’S PARTY, WHICH ALICE
PAUL KNEW THIS WAS GOING TO BE IMPORTANT, AND SHE HAS PICTURES OF EVERY WOMAN WHO
IS SERVING AT HEADQUARTERS, WHICH
WAS RIGHT ON LAFAYETTE SQUARE RIGHT ACROSS
FROM THE WHITE HOUSE, WHICH WAS NO ACCIDENT WHERE THEIR
HEADQUARTERS WOULD BE. AND THIS IS A WONDERFUL,
WONDERFUL PICTURE FROM THAT COLLECTION WHEN THE 36TH STATE
WAS FINALLY WON, AND, IN MY BOOK I TELL YOU HOW CLOSE IT COMES TO NOT BEING RATIFIED AT ALL. SO
WE SHOULDN’T TAKE FOR GRANTED THAT JUST BECAUSE WE HAVE THIS
WONDERFUL MOMENT RIGHT NOW WHEN THE CONGRESS FINALLY, AFTER 40 YEARS, HAS
PASSED THE AMENDMENTS, IT NOW HAS TO GO AND
BE RATIFIED BY THREE QUARTERS OF THE STATES OF THE UNION, WHICH WAS 36 OF
THE 48 STATES. IT’S A TERRIBLE FIGHT. IT WAS NOT EASY AT ALL. THE FIRST FEW COME IN VERY
EARLY, WHICH IS WISCONSIN AND ILLINOIS AND MICHIGAN, BUT THEN IT BEGINS TO
SLOW DOWN, AND IT’S A VERY, VERY DIFFICULT FIGHT. BUT WHAT THIS SHOWS IS ALICE
PAUL, AGAIN A PUBLICITY PLOY, WOULD SEW — SHE CALLED
HERSELF THE BETSY ROSS OF RATIFICATION — AND SHE WOULD
SEW A STAR ON THAT BANNER IN THE WOMEN’S PARTY COLORS FOR
EACH STATE THAT RATIFIED. AND ON AUGUST 18TH, WHEN
TENNESSEE FINALLY DOES JUST RATIFY BY THE
SMALLEST OF MARGINS, SHE PUTS THE 36TH
STAR, AND SHE UNFURLS IT ON JACKSON PLACE,
WHICH WAS THE HEADQUARTERS THEN, AND THIS IS THIS WONDERFUL
PICTURE OF THE WOMEN’S PARTY MEMBERS AND WORKERS SALUTING.
AND THEN THERE’S ANOTHER PICTURE OF HER AT THAT — A FEW MOMENTS
LATER WHEN SHE’S TOASTING THE RATIFICATION. NOW, YOU KNOW
THAT THAT IS NOT CHAMPAGNE. AND SHE DIDN’T DRINK. BUT YOU KNOW THAT’S NOT GRAPE
JUICE. BUT AGAIN, THE IDEA OF PROTESTS
COUPLED WITH POLITICAL STRATEGY, I THINK IS WHAT COMES THROUGH
FOR US AS RESEARCHERS. AND HERE WE COULD FIND NOT ONLY
THESE WONDERFUL PHOTOGRAPHS, NOT ONLY
THE HISTORIC NEWSPAPERS WHICH THE LIBRARY HAS DIGITIZED, WHICH
IS AN ENORMOUS, ENORMOUS GIFT TO ANY RESEARCHER OR WRITER. I CAN LOOK UP WHAT WAS BEING
SAID IN KINGSPORT, TENNESSEE IN THE SUMMER OF 1920 FROM THE
COMFORT OF MY HOME. SO THIS IS IMPORTANT RESOURCES. BUT ALSO,
THERE’S LETTERS. THE LETTERS THAT WE FIND HERE IN
THE MANUSCRIPT COLLECTION, WHICH WE READ ON MICROFILM. WE DON’T
TOUCH THEM. WE DON’T, YOU KNOW, SOIL THEM. YOUR EYES DO BEGIN TO CROSS WHEN
YOU HAVE READ A LOT OF MICROFILM,
BUT WHAT WE FIND IS THIS IDEA THAT
YES, WE’RE GOING TO PROTEST, WE’RE GOING TO BE IN THE
STREETS. WE ARE GOING TO WRITE OUR CONGRESSMEN AND SENATORS, WE
ARE GOING TO LOBBY. WE ARE GOING TO KEEP FILES. THERE WAS OPPOSITION RESEARCH,
VERY SOPHISTICATED OPPOSITION RESEARCH. THE SUFFRAGISTS WERE
ABLE TO HAVE IN THEIR OFFICES SO THEY KNEW
EXACTLY WHICH REPRESENTATIVE AND — WAS
BEHOLDEN TO WHOM. THEY USED THE SOPHISTICATED POLITICAL TOOLS IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE IN
THE STREETS KIND OF PUBLICITY GATHERING PROTESTS. AND I THINK
THAT’S IMPORTANT TO REALIZE. AGAIN, WE HAVE TWO GROUPS ON
DIFFERENT TRACKS, BUT THEY ARE COMPLIMENTING ONE ANOTHER. AND WHEN YOUNG PEOPLE ASK ME
WHAT CAN THE SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT TEACH US,
I THINK IT’S THAT, THAT THERE IS A
PLACE, AN IMPORTANT PLACE, FOR NON-VIOLENT PROTESTS, AND OF COURSE THE KIND
OF TECHNIQUES THAT THE SUFFRAGISTS PIONEERED, THE MARCHES, THE
PICKETS, USING TEST CASES TO GO UP TO THE SUPREME COURT, LEGAL
CASES. THOSE WOULD BE USED BY THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT LATER
IN THE 20TH AND IN THE 21ST CENTURY. SO I WOULD SAY YES,
TAKE THE LESSONS OF NON-VIOLENT PROTESTS. VOTE. ALL THE TIME, IN THE WEIRD
OFF-YEAR SCHOOL ELECTIONS, AND LEARN THE HISTORY. LEARN IT
HERE, LEARN IT IN THE EXHIBIT, LEARN IT IN OUR BOOK, AND THANK [Applause] Hayden: THANK YOU BOTH.THAT WAS
WONDERFUL AND WE WOULD LIKE TO SHOW OUR GRATITUDE WITH SOME
SPECIAL GIFTS BEING BROUGHT IN BY LADIES YOU MIGHT RECOGNIZE. THESE ARE FRAMED FACSIMILES FROM
THE LIBRARY COLLECTION, THE OFFICIAL PROGRAM OF THE WOMEN’S SUFFRAGE
RECESSION THAT WAS HELD ON THAT DAY, MARCH 3RD,
1913, Speaker: OH, MY GOODNESS.
Hayden: THAT WE’VE COME A LONG WAY, BABY.Speaker: OH, WOW.
Speaker: SO THANK YOU, THANK YOU BOTH. Hayden: WE REALLY
APPRECIATE IT. [Applause] Hayden: AND BEFORE — THIS HAS
BEEN A WONDERFUL EVENING.AND WE’VE TALKED A LOT ABOUT THE
EXHIBITION AND TOLD YOU SOME THINGS ABOUT IT. WE WERE ABLE TO HAVE CONGRESSMAN
LAWRENCE BE REASSURED THAT THE ROLE OF AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN
AND THEIR STRUGGLE IS WELL REPRESENTED IN THE EXHIBITION,
AND SO WE WILL INVITE EVERYONE UPSTAIRS TO SEE IT AND
ENJOY ANOTHER RECEPTION. AND ON THE WAY UP TO THE
MEZZANINE, YOU WILL BE SERENADED BY THE CAST OF
THE IT’S A DYNAMIC SHOW THAT TELLS
THE STORIES OF THE SUFFRAGETTES WHO WERE THE WOMEN WHO FOUGHT
FOR OUR RIGHT TO VOTE. AND SO THE END, BEFORE WE MAKE
IT TO THE EXHIBITION, IT IS MY HONOR TO WELCOME TO THE STAGE SPEAKER
NANCY PELOSI. [CHEERS AND APPLAUSE] THANK YOU ALL VERY MUCH. WHAT A WONDERFUL, WONDERFUL
EVENING AND PROGRAM TO HEAR REBECCA AND
ELAINE TALK ABOUT THE RESEARCH THEY
HAVE DONE, THE APPRECIATION THAT THEY HAVE, AND TO MAKE IT
POSSIBLE FOR — HELLO. HELLO. HOW ARE YOU? THE FUTURE. SO HERE WE ARE, ON MAY 21ST WE
PASSED THE 19TH AMENDMENT THAT GAVE
WOMEN THE WE WERE GALED THAT DAY BY
SENATOR BARBARA MIKULSKI, WHO BOASTED OF HER SERVICE IN THE HOUSE AND IN THE SENATE, AND KAY COLES JAMES,
MADAM CHAIR, THANK YOU. AND I KNOW YOU HAVE HEARD FROM SOME OF
OUR COLLEAGUES, INCLUDING BRENDA LAWRENCE FROM THE HOUSE AND
OTHERS — I DON’T KNOW EVERYONE WHO WAS HERE, SO I DON’T WANT TO
GO DOWN THAT PATH, BUT HOUSE AND SENATE WOMEN.NOW, HERE WE ARE. HERE WE ARE SEATED IN THE
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. IN THIS CONGRESS WE HAVE OVER 100 WOMEN SERVING FOR THE FIRST
TIME. 100 WOMEN SERVING AT THE SAME
TIME. IN THE CONGRESS THAT WILL
OBSERVE THE 100TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE 19TH
AMENDMENT BEING RATIFIED.PRETTY EXCITING. AND IN A CONGRESS, AND THIS ANNIVERSARY HAPPENING WHEN WE
HAVE THE FIRST WOMAN LIBRARIAN OF CONGRESS. THANK YOU CARLA — BARBARA
MIKULSKI AND I TAKE SPECIAL PRIDE IN OUR BALTIMORE — THE
BALTIMORE ROOTS OF DR. CONGRATULATIONS TO YOU. SO YOU’VE HEARD SO MUCH ABOUT
THE WORK OF THE SUFFRAGETTES. IMAGINE THEIR COURAGE. THEY
WERE STARVED. THEY DID STARVE.THEY HAD TO
SHALL WE SAY BREAK WITH FAMILY IN CERTAIN INSTANCES,
LEAVE HOME. IMAGINE THE COURAGE THEY HAD.
THEY KNEW THEIR WHY. THEY KNEW THEIR PURPOSE. THEY KNEW WHAT
THEY WANTED TO ACHIEVE AND THEY KNEW HOW TO GET IT DONE. AND
DR. HAYDEN REFERENCED, WHETHER IT WAS COURT CASES OR MARCHES OR
WHATEVER IT WAS, TO GET IT DONE. WE STAND ON THEIR SHOULDERS.
I’M VERY PROUD THAT THE FIRST PARTNER OF CALIFORNIA IS HERE. WHERE IS SHE? JEN NEWSOME.
VERY PROUD OF HER ROLE ON THE COMMISSION, AND I WAS TELLING
HER YESTERDAY, SO YOU HAVE TO UNDERGO IT AGAIN TODAY, ABOUT
ONE OF THE — A COUPLE OF THE STORIES THAT I
LIKE TO TELL, AND MY COLLEAGUES HAVE HEARD THESE STORIES SO MANY TIMES, BUT WHEN
WE DECIDED, WHEN WE TOOK THE HOUSE A WHILE BACK, WE DECIDED
THAT WE WERE GOING TO, SHALL WE SAY, ADD SOME COLOR TO
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, THE STATUES AND THE REST. ROSA PARKS, SOJOURNER TRUTH,
HELEN KELLER, WOMEN, ET CETERA. SO TODAY WE DEDICATED THE BUST
OF SOJOURNER TRUTH. IT WAS A BIG DEAL. WE HAD NEWLY OPENED OUR
EMANCIPATION CENTER IN THE VISITOR’S CENTER,
AND SO MORE PEOPLE THAN COULD EVER FIT
IN THE ROTUNDA SHOWED UP, THOUSANDS OF
PEOPLE FOR THIS IMPORTANT OCCASION, AS
WAS MENTIONED, THE ROLE OF THE WOMEN OF COLOR IN THE SUFFRAGIST
MOVEMENT. AND SO WHAT WAS MEMORABLE THAT DAY IS THAT IT
HAPPENED TO BE THE BEGINNING OF THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION, AND
MICHELLE OBAMA HONORED US WITH HER
PRESENCE, AND SHE SAID THIS. SHE WAS TALKING ABOUT HOW
WONDERFUL AND REMARKABLE, AND, I MEAN,
SOJOURNER TRUTH IS BEYOND, I MEAN, JUST BEYOND
JUST SUPER HUMAN ALLS THE THINGS SHE DID.BUT AFTER SHE TALKED
ABOUT THAT SHE SAID I JUST CAN’T HELP BUT THINK HOW HAPPY
SOJOURNER TRUTH WOULD BE TO SEE A WOMAN AS SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE.
BUT I CAN’T EVEN IMAGINE WHAT SHE WOULD BE THINKING TO SEE ME,
MICHELLE OBAMA, THE FIRST LADY OF AMERICA. HOW FAR WE HAVE COME. HOW FAR
WE HAVE COME. AND OUR COLLEAGUES WHO WERE
THERE WHEN WE CELEBRATE WILL HAVE TO UNDERGO ME TELLING MY
FAVORITE STORY, WHICH MANY OF YOU HAVE HEARD, BUT IT’S MY
SUFFRAGIST STORY SO I’M STICKING WITH IT, AND IT’S THIS. WHEN I
WENT TO MY FIRST MEETING AS LEADER TO THE WHITE HOUSE, THE
MEETING WITH THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES AND THE LEADERSHIP OF THE HOUSE
AND SENATE, DEMOCRATIC AND REPUBLICAN, MAYBE LIKE TEN PEOPLE AT THE TABLE, WELL, I WAS VERY
PRAECHBS OF GOING TO THE MEETING, BECAUSE
AS BARBARA MIKULSKI THE TELL YOU, AS AN APPROPRIATER YOU’RE
THERE A LOT, AND I DIDN’T EVEN GIVE IT A THOUGHT. I WAS GOING
TO A MEETING AT THE WHITE HOUSE, ANOTHER MEETING AT THE WHITE HOUSE, AND POOR BECCA, YOU HAVE
TO UNDERGO THIS. I’M SORRY. MY BECCA, MY
DARLING. I’VE KNOWN HER SINCE SHE WAS A BABY AND I’M SO PROUD
OF HER. SO IN ANY EVENT, WE’RE GOING TO THE MEETING AND I
REALIZE THIS MEETING IS NOT LIKE ANY MEETING I’VE EVER
BEEN IN THE WHITE HOUSE BEFORE. IN FACT, IT’S NOT LIKE ANY
MEETING ANY WOMAN HAS BEEN AT THE WHITE
HOUSE BEFORE BECAUSE HERE IT WAS, PRESIDENT, VICE PRESIDENT, HOUSE, SENATE,
DEMOCRATIC LEADER. AND SO I SAT DOWN THINKING, WOW,
NO WOMAN HAS EVER — NOW, WOMEN
HAVE BEEN AT CABINET MEETINGS, AND THAT’S A WONDERFUL THING.
IT’S A FABULOUSLY WONDERFUL THING, BUT YOUR PRESENCE THERE
IS DERIVATIVE OF THE PERSON AT THE HEAD OF THE TABLE.
BUT THIS IS DIFFERENT. THE PRESIDENT IS THERE, YOU’RE
THERE AS REPRESENTATIVE OF A CO-EQUAL BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT
SELECTED BY YOUR COLLEAGUES. SO I GO IN THERE, I SIT DOWN,
EVER-GRACIOUS PRESIDENT BUSH, JUST AS LOVELY AS HE COULD BE WELCOMING,
AND WHILE HE WAS SPEAKING AND I WAS SITTING IN MY CHAIR, I WAS ALL SQUEEZED
IN. I COULDN’T FIGURE OUT WHAT WAS HAPPENING. I WAS ALL
CROWDED ON MY CHAIR. I WAS SQUEEZED IN. AND THEN I REALIZED SOJOURNER
TRUTH, LUCRETIA MOTT, ELIZABETH CADY
STANTON, YOU NAME IT, AGNES PAUL, THEY
WERE ALL RIGHT THERE ON THE CHAIR WITH ME. AND THEN THEY SAID — I COULD
HEAR THEM SAY, AT LAST WE HAVE A SEAT AT THE TABLE. [CHEERS AND APPLAUSE] AND THEN THEY WERE GONE. IMAGINE ALL THE TIME SINCE THEY
STARTED, AND THEN FINALLY THE VOTE CAME AND THEN ALL THOSE
MANY YEARS LATER TO HAVE A SEAT AT THE TABLE. AND AS SOON AS
THEY SAID THAT, MY FIRST THOUGHT IS WE WANT MORE. WE WANT MORE.
AND THAT’S WHAT WE DO. WE WANT MORE. BUT THIS IS JUST A WONDERFUL
TIME IN OUR COUNTRY’S HISTORY WHEN
WHETHER IT’S AT THE ARCHIVES OF THE
SMITHSONIAN AND NOW THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS.I’LL TELL YOU
BARBARA’S STORY.WE’RE AT THE SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION AND
THEY’RE HAVING THE OPENING OF THEIR DISPLAY, EXHIBIT, AND
BARBARA, WE WERE TOLD TO WEAR WHITE. BARBARA DIDN’T WEAR A WHITE
JACKET, BUT SHE SAID THAT NIGHT, SHE
SAID, THE LAST TIME I WORE A WHITE JACKET I FAILED CHEMISTRY. SHE DID SAY THAT. I DON’T
BELIEVE SHE FAILED CHEMISTRY. WE WENT TO THE SAME HIGH SCHOOL.
I’M NOT SURE SHE EVER FAILED ANYTHING. BUT IN ANY EVENT, WE STAND ON
THE SHOULDERS OF THESE REALLY REMARKABLE PEOPLE WHO DID SOMETHING SO
HISTORIC REALLY, AND IT WAS — YOU KNOW, OUR FOUNDERS, THEY WERE
ENTREPRENEURIAL AND BRAVE AND COURAGEOUS AND THE REST, BUT
PEOPLE, THEIR FAMILIES WEREN’T SAYING DON’T DO THAT AND YOU
SHOULD STAY HOME AND COOK OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT. THESE WOMEN HAD TO OVERCOME THE
PERSONAL AS WELL AS THE POLITICAL AS WELL AS THE
OFFICIAL. SO WE STAND ON SOME PRETTY BROAD
SHOULDERS. WE UNDERSTAND THAT
RESPONSIBILITY. MY WOMEN COLLEAGUES HERE, BRENDA
AND JAN, WHOM I HAVE SEEN, UNDERSTAND THE SHOULDERS THAT WE
STAND ON, AND THAT OTHERS STAND ON OUR SHOULDERS,
AND MAY WE BE WORTHY OF THE TRADITION THAT WE ARE SO MUCH A PART OF AND
HELPING US APPRECIATE THAT TRADITION
FURTHER IS THE LIBRARY OF CONGRESS IN SUCH A VERY SPECIAL
WAY. SO THANK YOU, DR. HAYDEN, FOR ONCE AGAIN TAKING
THE LEAD, HAVING US UNDERSTAND OUR HISTORY, BEING THE CUSTODIAN
OF OUR VALUES AND OUR HISTORY, AND MAKING IT AVAILABLE TO SO MANY PEOPLE IN OUR COUNTRY TO
APPRECIATE AND ENJOY. AND THAT THEY SHALL NOT BE DENIED. [Applause] Speaker: LADIES AND GENTLEMEN, A
MUSICAL PERFORMANCE BY “19” THE MUSICAL.

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