Six-Day War (1967) – Third Arab–Israeli War DOCUMENTARY

Six-Day War (1967) – Third Arab–Israeli War DOCUMENTARY

This video is sponsored by Skillshare. Learn
more about Skillshare and the exclusive offer they have for our viewers at the end of the
video. Ever since Israeli victory during the wars
of 1948 and 1956, the Arab coalition led by Egypt, Syria and Jordan was eager to change
the situation in the region by defeating Israel. Both sides understood that the conflict was
far from over and were preparing for the next stage of confrontation. International interference
and inability of the sides to find a settlement made one of the most iconic conflicts of the
modern era – the Six-day War inevitable. On May 13, 1967 the Soviet Union falsely informed
Egypt about concentration of 11-13 brigades of the Israeli Defence Forces with an intent
to strike Syria. In response Egypt started concentrating forces along the border with
Israel in Sinai and on May 16 demanded the UN peacekeeping forces to leave the peninsula.
At the same time, Israel refused the request of the UN on deployment of the UNEF on their
side of the border either. In the next few days Egypt, Israel, Jordan and Sudan started
mobilization of their forces, Iraq sent expeditionary forces to Jordan, Saudi Arabia expressed its
willingness to participate in military actions. But the turning point, which made the full
scale confrontation inevitable was the decision of Egypt to block Israeli ships from entering
the Straits of Tiran on May 22-23. On June 1 Israel established a National Unity
Government, which on June 4 decided to go to war.
The Arab Coalition of Egypt, Jordan and Syria had an advantage over Israel in deployed troops
with 240 thousand against 100 thousand, in tanks with 2504 against 800 and in aircrafts
with 957 against 300. Israel planned to strike on June 5 with the
Operation Focus, which aimed to destroy Egyptian air force. The Israeli media published false
reports claiming Israeli soldiers are on vacation, while their pilots were carrying out training
sorties as usual and their intelligence helped make these trainings as realistic as possible
and damaged the tracking antenna of the US Embassy to prevent the Americans finding out
about the operation before the strike took place. The Israeli pilots were informed about
the start of the operation only 5 hours in advance. At the same time Egyptian air defence
system was effectively off on June 5. Nearly 200 Israeli aircrafts attacked 14 Egyptian
airfields and caught them absolutely off guard. 338 Egyptian aircrafts were destroyed, 100
pilots were killed within 3 hours. Jordanian and Syrian Airforce attacked Israel in retaliation
at 11 am June 5. The response of Israeli airforce was attack on their airfields which led to
destruction of all 28 Jordanian, 53 Syrian and 10 Iraqi planes. The Operation Focus was
a decisive success: Israel lost only 19 planes in this Operation and guaranteed its total
air dominance for the rest of the war. The ground war was taking place at three fronts:
the Sinai front, the Jordanian front, the Syrian front.
At the Sinai front the Egyptian forces consisted of seven divisions: four armoured, two infantry,
and one mechanized infantry. Egypt had 100,000 troops and 900–950 tanks in the Sinai, so
Israel concentrated three divisions consisting of six armoured, one infantry, one mechanized
infantry and three paratrooper brigades for a total of 70,000 men and 700 tanks along
this front. Israel’s plan was to catch Egyptians off guard by attacking simultaneously with
air strikes, and attacking through the Northern and Central routes in the Sinai Peninsula
instead of the Central and Southern Routes used during the Sinai War.
On 5 June, at 7:50 a.m., the northernmost Israeli division, consisting of three brigades
and commanded by Major General Israel Tal started its advance towards Arish through
Gaza with an aim to encircle Khan Yunis, while the paratroopers were ordered to take Rafah.
Initially, Egyptians offered little resistance, since their intelligence concluded that, this
was a diversion rather than a main attack. However, soon resistance against the 60th
armoured brigade ramped up. This did not stop the Israeli forces from reaching Khan Yunis
Railway junction in 4 hours. Afterwards IDF advanced on Sheikh Zuweid and defeated fierce
Egyptian resistance thanks to air domination. The road on Arish was open and by 8 am of
6 July elements of the 79th Armored Battalion and the 7th brigade entered the suspiciously
quiet city. Suddenly the Egyptians started firing from the balconies, windows and there
was a heavy battle going on for control in the city and the IDF was only able to take
full control of the city after reinforcements were sent. The northernmost division then
split into two parts. One of them continued the advance on the Suez channel, while the
second group turned south and captured Bir Lahfan and Jabal Libni.
Further south on 6 June, the 14 thousand men 150 tank strong Israeli 38th Armored Division
under Major-General Ariel Sharon was confronted by the Egyptian 2nd Infantry Division under
Major-General Sa’adi Nagib, consisting of 16,000 troops and 90 tanks. Israel successfully
advanced towards Abu Ageila. The paratroopers landed behind Egyptian positions and sew enough
confusion to weaken the artillery of the Egyptian defense, which opened the way of the IDF to
capture Um Katef. It was followed by fierce close tank battle, which ended in an Israeli
victory with 40 Egyptian and 19 Israeli tanks destroyed.
The Egyptian forces in Sinai were still largely intact, but their Field Marshal Abdel Hakim
Amer panicked and ordered retreat of all units from Sinai after hearing about the fall of
Abu-Ageila. This order did not elaborate on the sequence and manner of the retreat, which
only decreased the defensive capabilities of the Egyptian troops.
During the following days the IDF continued its advance westward and inflicted heavy losses
on the Egyptians. Despite episodic heavy resistance by the Egyptians as in Bin Gafgafa, the napalm
bombing by the Israeli aviation and uncontrolled retreat weakened the morale of the Egyptian
troops. Instead of catching retreating Egyptians, the IDF decided to capture 3 passes from Sinai
to the Egyptian mainland and face the Egyptian troops there. Although IDF was not able to
stop all Egyptian troops from crossing, these passes became a killing ground for the Egyptian
troops with 10000 being killed in one day alone. The capture of Sinai was completed
by the fall of Sharm El-Sheikh on June 7 and Ras Sudar on June 8. On June 9 UN Security
council achieved armistice between sides. Israel wanted to avoid confrontation with
Jordan and Syria before defeating Egypt, but the offers of neutrality to Jordan were rejected,
as the Egyptian president Nasser persuaded King Hussain of Jordan that, Egypt had an
advantage against Israel. On the morning of 5 June both sides started the fire, but Israel
attempted a last grasp attempt to avoid confrontation with Jordan by passing its message of request
of peace through the UN representative Bull. King Hussain countered that it was too late
and the Jordanian aviation was already on the way.
Jordanian and Iraqi aviation started shelling Israeli controlled West Jerusalem, which caused
16, military and 20 civilian casualties, with 900 buildings damaged. Israel responded with
its own air attack within the Operation Focus, which damaged military aviation infrastructure
of Jordan and secured the Israeli air dominance. East Jerusalem was controlled by Jordan at
the time and the Jordanian army took position in the UN residency – the Government House
to fire on the Israeli sector. The Jerusalem Brigade’s Reserve Battalion 161 of Israel
took the Government house despite heavy losses and forced Jordanians to retreat to Bethlehem.
Later on that day Israel encircled Eastern Jerusalem with the Jerusalem Brigade from
the south, and the mechanized Harel Brigade and 55th Paratroopers Brigade from the north.
Fierce battle happened for the Ammunition Hill. Jordanian resistance was so strong that,
the IDF lost all but two of their attacking officers and achieved the goal only after
4 hours. 55th Paratroopers Brigade afterwards drove eastwards linked up with Mount Scopus
defeated the other Jordanian positions around the American Colony. Towards the evening of
June 5, the mechanized Harel Brigade succeeded in taking Latrun and Ramallah. Also, the 163rd
Infantry Battalion secured Abu Tor and cut the Old City from Bethlehem and Hebron.
On June 7 the Israeli Minister of Defence Moshe Dayan ordered IDF to enter Old City
despite reservations and concerns of the Israeli Government. The fighting was conducted solely
by the paratroopers out of fear of destruction of holy sites. IDF took control of the Old
City after little resistance. Judea, Hebron, Bethlehem and Nablus were also
captured by IDF on June 7. Remnants of the Jordanian army fell back into Jordan. Israel
was victorious on this front as well. Syria also believed the Nasser about Egypt’s
early success in the conflict and sent its aviation to attack Galilee. This attack was
intercepted by the Israeli aviation. A minor ground attack was also attempted by the Syrians
in attempt to capture the water plants at Tel Dan, Dan, and She’ar Yashuv. This was
repulsed by IDF as well. Israeli air domination, lack of communication by Syrian units, tanks
being too wide for bridges were among the causes of unsuccessful attack of the Syrians.
This caused them to abandon any attempts to make ground offensive on Israel and airstrikes
were chosen as a method instead. However, on the evening of June 5 Israel stroke Syrian
airfields within the Operation Focus, destroying 2/3 of the Syrian airforce and forcing the
rest out of the conflict. The Israeli leadership was unsure whether
to attack Syria or not. On one hand Syria was using Golan Heights to shell Israel, on
the other hand it would have been a literally uphill battle against a fortified enemy. But
the intelligence about weakened positions of Syria in general and in Golan Heights in
particular led Dayan to order an offensive on Golan without government authorization.
The Israeli offensive started with air strikes which severely damaged defensive infrastructure
and morale of the Syrian Army. The 8th Armored Brigade, led by Colonel Albert Mandler, advanced
into the Golan Heights from Givat HaEm. Heavy fighting in unfavourable terrain led to numerous
casualties on both sides, but with the help of aviation IDF ultimately captured Zaura,
Qala and Ein Fit fortresses. In the central sector, the Israeli 181st Battalion
captured the strongholds of Dardara and Tel Hillal after fierce fighting.
By the evening of June 9 Israel reached the plateau, which allowed reinforcements to come.
Israel had 8 brigades by dawn ready for an assault on the second line of defenses.. Soon
the ceasefire was negotiated around the so called Purple Line.
By 11 June all military actions stopped. Up to 983 Israelis, 15000 Egyptians, 700 Jordanians
and 2500 Syrians were killed in action. Israel gained a huge victory. It seized the Gaza
Strip, the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank of the Jordan River (including East Jerusalem),
and the Golan Heights. About one million Arabs were placed under Israel’s direct control
in the newly captured territories. The Israeli victory came as a result of more efficient
military leadership, better preparation of troops and intelligence. But the Six-Day war
by no means was the last conflict and merely 6 years later the confrontation escalated
into another war. The sponsor of this video – Skillshare is
the premier online learning community with more than 22,000 classes that teach videography,
productivity, photography, and more. The modern life is fast paced and demands constant self-improving,
so Skillshare is great for people who want to learn a new skill or make their passion
a full-time job. If you are planning to create a youtube channel – Skillshare is the place
to start. It has more than 500 courses teacher After Effects ranging from the basics to the
courses that can surprise even the advanced users. Premium Membership begins around $10
a month – but for the first 300 people to sign up with the link in the description,
you can get 2 months of Skillshare for FREE! These spots typically go quite quickly so
make sure to get in there! We are planning to make more videos on the
modern warfare, so be sure that you are subscribed to our channel and pressed the bell button
to be notified of our videos. We would like to express our gratitude to our Patreon supporters
and youtube sponsors, who make the creation of our videos possible. This is the Kings
and Generals channel, and we will catch you on the next one.

Only registered users can comment.

  1. First-Arab Israeli War:
    Yom Kippur Arab Isreali war of 1973 – Sinai Front:

  2. Can you do a video on the suez crisis because I have never heard of it and I am very interested in learning about it as well as the Sinai war

  3. Egypt,Syria,Iraq,Jordan: Surrounds Israel with an intention to attack.
    Israel: I m about end this man's whole career.

  4. Between a race that produces suicide bomber and one that produces guys like Einstein do u really need to be a rocket scientist to figure out who won?

  5. لقد ذكرت أن سلاح الجو الصهيوني حلقت من دولت الكيان الصهيوني ولم تذكر الحقيقة أبحث في التاريخ جيدن يصديقي (لقد حلقت من دوله دوهله في حلف شمال الأطلسي و هيا جزيره تسماء بي المملكه المتحده) …
    Go translate if you want to understand.

  6. My-My I Love the way you guys set the mood for the video. I can find it in the narrators voice which is….. omg I Love your voice, it feels so good for cinematics then there is your actual video the damn content, its beautiful.

  7. Initially Israel suffered a lot to maintain peace, but when Israel decided to not suffer, its enemy suffered a lot lot… 🤣

  8. Surrounded by enemies..
    Outnumbered by them too..
    Still winning decisively
    This is pure strategy. And Quality of command and intelligence.

  9. Israel's victory itself isn't a problem. They were defending themselves. But the continuous occupation of the West Bank and the de facto apartheid is horrendous.

    so that I can watch this over for the first time again! such an amazing explanation, felt like I was there with the leaders taking those decisions.
    Please do more of the animation representing events kinda documentary.
    I fuckin loved it. you make me like history and I hate history, like I failed history in highschool lol

  11. Allohu akbar yo ok berkah """ wakallamalloh musa tak lima n innawoha allimun bitati sudur tu yuh palistina syuria iran lebanon turky """ faq alluh lima ya alloh al fatihah amin ya alloh kun """ wayabko """" allohu akbar """ allohu akbar'"""'''allohu akbar """""""""

  12. I see some people are very hypocritical about human rights and all that shit , while on the other hand they support taking other people’s land and killing its innocent people, and committing genocides , I say, shame on you , shame on you , shame on you !

  13. The Islamic warriors of today are the world's most coward people. 6 Islamic countries got owned by a small country in 6 days here. Pakistan – the so called vanguard of all Muslims, was screwed by India in every war it fought, in particular, it was forced to surrender in 1971 – the only public surrender in modern day warfare. Even after all this – these guys have the temerity to claim that they are a warrior race, LOL.

  14. Since India is preparing for a 2.5 military showdown, the active use of Air Force and hopefully Space forces will come in very handy to neutralize the assets of our western neighbor and establish overall dominance. P.S.-. " There's no point in fighting a war if We cannot win it in 5-6 days" – Bipin Rawat(COAS,Indian Army)

  15. India must be the only large hearted (pun intended) nation in the world that does not capture or take back its own land after decisively winning its wars! God bless India!

  16. Israel that's Holy Land. City Of God. No one's defeat it. Is there of Bible. Even Noah or Abraham they're from Israel. Even Jesus Christ.

  17. In six days israel won 4 countries that attacked her together when she has only 5m people and the other countries have together 150 million people

  18. Now Isreal is the Father of Genocide, and israel now are afraid of kids in Gaza and West bank. Isreal will vanish as the bible said.

  19. Arabs had 2500 tanks against 800 israeli. And almost 1000 jets against 300 israeli. Israel was encircled by arab troops. Just accept that u arabs are incapable in war and your soldiers run like chikens straight to Cairo. Arab soldiers only good to kill unarmed protestors in Tahrir square

  20. Israel should have continued the invasion and swept all 3 bastard arab states. I am saying this as a muslim. Long live Israel

  21. yes Israel won, embarrassed and humiliated the Arabs …but is the world created better off for it — absolutely not!!! Israelis seem to forget that Arabs had nothing to with Hitler the Nazi's,WWII and that they were only fighting on behalf of liberating the matter what Israelis go on about the 'chosen people' the 'holy land' the 'promised land 'King David' 'anti Semitic' 'David and Goliath'…still does not change this fact!!!.. people have lost their lives and been put out of their homes needlessly, Palestinian are refugees on their own land, it's straight out theft by Israeli settlers and you bluff the world into achieving peace by inflating the ego's of ' Iran against Sunni governments and other organisation's like Hezbollah & Hamas where you know peace cannot be achieved…the David star to me is a symbol of Racism, terrorism , aggression, labelling others (like the people who wear a Keffiyeh are terrorist's!!!… huh!!! are you for real)…. blood and greed is on Zionist hands, Israel is straight out illegal

  22. Kings and Generals, can you please explain why today in every footage epileptic seizure inducing effects as well as distracting music is used? This is a serious question, stopped watching within a minute.

  23. Iran knows damn well that they don't have a chance in a war agents Israel, if they did had they would've nuked Israsl long time ago and not just thrating that they will every month .

    This is your choice … ENOUGH SAID!!

  25. The highest murder estimates attributed to the 1917 – 1953 Judaic Bolshevik alien invasion of Christian Russia financed by Judaic international bankers out of New York is as high as 66 million. This massacre included Russia’s entire intelligentsia. their nobility along with the unmerciful slaughter of the Romanov family. What remained were mostly terrified and submissive peasant farmers. Watch the most forbidden documentary in history: “Europa The Last Battle” at archicve-dot-org. Entire doc banned on YT.

  26. Worked in a factory when George W invaded Iraq old guy said Arabs can't be beat my reply
    Ever hear of a little country called Israel

  27. What's AMERICA s Problem Iran has payed off cops Sheriff's to mess with innocent people Lives all over the USA

  28. Just in case any of you didn’t know, not one Israeli casualty happened in this war. ONE frickin tiny newborn country against four huge, powerful ones and a HUGE, easy victory over all of them. This war was a miracle by itself. God bless Israel🇮🇱🇮🇱🇮🇱🇮🇱🇮🇱

  29. Arab governments paid price the betraying to Ottomans… Without British (Remember Lawrence the Arabia), useless armies and useless generals….

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *