The five major world religions – John Bellaimey

The five major world religions – John Bellaimey

Translator: Andrea McDonough
Reviewer: Jessica Ruby In all times and places in our history, human beings have wondered, “Where did we come from? What’s our place in the world? What happens to us after we die?” Religions are systems of belief that have developed and evolved over time in response to these and other eternal mysteries, driven by the feeling that some questions can only be answered by faith and based on an intuition that there is something greater than ourselves, a higher power we must answer to, or some source we all spring from and to which we must return. Hinduism means the religions of India. It’s not a single religion but rather a variety of related beliefs and spiritual practices. It dates back five millennia to the time of Krishna, a man of such virtue that he became known as an avatar of Vishnu, an incarnation of the god in human form. He taught that all life follows karma, the law of cause and effect, and our job is to do our duty, or dharma, according to our place in society without worrying how things turn out. When we die, we are reincarnated into a new body. If we followed our dharma and did our proper duty in our past life, we get good karma, which sends our soul upward in the social scale. Our rebirth into the next life is thus determined by what we do in this one. The wheel of rebirths is called samsara. It’s possible for a very holy person to lead a life with enough good karma to escape the wheel. This escape is called moksha. Hinduism teaches that everything is one. The whole universe is one transcendent reality called Brahman, and there’s just one Brahman but many gods within it, and their roles, aspects, and forms differ according to various traditions. Brahma is the creator, Vishnu is the preserver who sometimes takes on human form, and Shiva is the transformer, or Lord of the Dance. Durga is the fiercely protective divine mother. Ganesha has an elephant head and is the wise patron of success. Hinduism is the third largest religion in the world. And although most Hindus live in India, they can be found on every continent, one billion strong. Now, let’s travel west, across deserts and mountains to the fertile crescent about 4,000 years ago. Judaism began with God calling Abraham and Sarah to leave Mesopotamia and migrate to the land of Canaan. In return for their faith in the one true God, a revolutionary concept in the polytheistic world of that time, they would have land and many descendants. From this promise came the land of Israel and the chosen people, but staying in that land and keeping those people together was going to be very difficult. The Israelites were enslaved in Egypt, but God freed them with the help of the prophet Moses, who received the Ten Commandments and later hundreds more. They conquered the Promised Land, but could only keep it for a few hundred years. Israel sits at a crossroads through which many armies marched over the centuries. And in the year 70, the Romans destroyed the temple in their capital, Jerusalem. So, the religion transformed itself from a temple religion with sacrifices and priests to a religion of the book. Because of this, Judaism is a faith of symbolism, reverence, and deep meanings tied to the literature of its history. The many sacred scriptures make up the Hebrew bible, or Tanakh, and hundreds of written discussions and interpretations are contained in an expansive compendium of deeper meanings, called the Talmud. Jews find rich, symbolic meaning in daily life. At the Passover meal, every item on the menu symbolizes an aspect of the escape from slavery. The importance of growing up is emphasized when young people reach the age of bar and bat mitzvah, ceremonies during which they assume responsibility for their actions and celebrate the weaving of their own lives into the faith, history, and texts of the Jewish people. There are 14 million Jews in the world today, 6 million in Israel, which became independent following the horrors of genocide in World War II, and 5 million in the United States. But now let’s go back 2500 years and return to India where Buddhism began with a young prince named Siddhartha. On the night he was conceived, his mother, Queen Maya, is said to have been visited in her sleep by a white elephant who entered her side. Ten months later, Prince Siddartha was born into a life of luxury. Venturing forth from his sheltered existence as a young man, he witnessed the human suffering that had been hidden from him and immediately set out to investigate its sources. Why must people endure suffering? Must we reincarnate through hundreds of lives? At first he thought the problem was attachment to material things, so he gave up his possessions. He became a wandering beggar, which he discovered certainly made him no happier. Then he overheard a music teacher telling a student, “Don’t tighten the string too much, it will break. But don’t let it go too slack, or it will not sound.” In a flash, he realized that looking for answers at the extremes was a mistake. The middle way between luxury and poverty seemed wisest. And while meditating under a bodhi tree, the rest of the answer came to him. All of life abounds with suffering. It’s caused by selfish craving for one’s own fulfillment at the expense of others. Following an eight-step plan can teach us to reduce that craving, and thus reduce the suffering. On that day, Siddhartha became the Buddha, the enlightened one. Not the only one, but the first one. The Buddhist plan is called the Eightfold Path, and though it is not easy to follow, it has pointed the way for millions to enlightenment, which is what Buddhahood means, a state of compassion, insight, peace, and steadfastness. From the time he got up from under that tree to the moment of his death as an old man, the Buddha taught people how to become enlightened: right speech, right goals, a mind focused on what is real, and a heart focused on loving others. Many Buddhists believe in God or gods, but actions are more important than beliefs. There are nearly a billion Buddhists in the world today, mostly in East, Southeast, and South Asia. 2,000 years ago in Judaism’s Promised Land, Christianity was born. Just as Hindus called Krishna “God in Human Form,” Christians say the same thing about Jesus, and Christianity grew out of Judaism just as Buddhism grew out of Hinduism. The angel Gabriel was sent by the God of Abraham to ask a young woman named Mary to become the mother of his son. The son was Jesus, raised as a carpenter by Mary and her husband Joseph, until he turned 30, when he began his public career as the living word of God. Less interested in religiousness than in justice and mercy, Jesus healed the sick in order to draw crowds and then taught them about his heavenly father — affectionate, forgiving, and attentive. Then, he would invite everyone to a common table to illustrate his Kingdom of God, outcasts, sinners, and saints all eating together. He had only three years before his unconventional wisdom got him into trouble. His enemies had him arrested, and he was executed by Rome in the standard means by which rabble-rousers were put to death, crucifixion. But shortly after he was buried, women found his tomb empty and quickly spread word, convinced that he had been raised from the dead. The first Christians described his resurrected appearances, inspiring confidence that his message was true. The message: love one another as I have loved you. Christians celebrate the birth of Jesus in December at Christmas, and his suffering, death, and resurrection during Holy Week in the spring. In the ceremony of baptism, a washing away of sin and welcoming into the Christian community, recall Jesus’s own baptism when he left his life as a carpenter. In the rite of Communion, Christians eat the bread and drink the wine blessed as the body and blood of Jesus, recalling Jesus’s last supper. There are two billion Christians worldwide, representing almost a third of the world’s people. Islam began 1400 years ago with a man of great virtue, meditating in a mountain cave in the Arabian desert. The man was Muhammad. He was visited by a divine messenger, again the angel Gabriel, in Arabic, Jibril, delivering to him the words of Allah, the one God of Abraham. In the next few years, more and more messages came, and he memorized and taught them. The verses he recited were full of wise sayings, beautiful rhymes, and mysterious metaphors. But Muhammad was a merchant, not a poet. Many agreed the verses were indeed the words of God, and these believers became the first Muslims. The word Muslim means one who surrenders, meaning a person who submits to the will of God. A Muslim’s five most important duties are called the Five Pillars: Shahada, Muslims declare publicly, there is no other God but Allah, and Muhammad is his final prophet; Salat, they pray five times a day facing Mecca; Zakat, every Muslim is required to give 2 or 3% of their net worth to the poor; Sawm, they fast during daylight hours for the lunar month of Ramadan to strengthen their willpower and their reliance on God; and Hajj, once in a lifetime, every Muslim who is able must make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca, rehearsing for the time when they will stand before God to be judged worthy or unworthy of eternal life with Him. The words of God, revealed to the prophet over 23 years, are collected in the Quran, which literally translates into “the recitation.” Muslims believe it to be the only holy book free of human corruption. It’s also considered by many to be the finest work of literature in the Arabic language. Islam is the world’s second largest religion, practiced by over one and a half billion Muslims around the globe. Religion has been an aspect of culture for as long as it has existed, and there are countless variations of its practice. But common to all religions is an appeal for meaning beyond the empty vanities and lowly realities of existence, beyond sin, suffering, and death, beyond fear, and beyond ourselves.

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  1. There is no God but Allah. Allhamdulliah for everything.

    Also to mention, the pilgrimage is not a "must", a person will only do it if that person has enough money. Islam is the religion of peace.

  2. These religions may have different beliefs, cultures, and traditions but all are teaching about loving one another, maintaining the peace, and doing what is good and right.

  3. Why did not you tell about sikh religion….i think that you are uneducated man.. At last i hope you and tell you please know about sikh religions deeply then make a video on sikh religion.

  4. If all religion origin is about Love. Why is there so much hate in this world? If all humans would respect each other, there would be more peace.

  5. i have a question whenever i saw Budha statues or Pictures , Why he did not have beard , He left all the luxurious and lived in Jungle So in my Point of View He would have Left shaving too So why Budha pics or Statues are with out beard… Or he Left everything But not Shaving ? well only curious question and not meant to insult anyone

  6. I dont wanna be the angry person raging in the comment section disturbing the peace but where is Sikhism or Zoro Astianism?

  7. There is no such proof of how old Hinduism is. There are 5000 years old sculptures of Hindu gods found in IRAN. So if it was already that widespread then, imagine how old it must be.
    Anyone who disagrees is free to check internet. Thank you.

  8. Science open our eyes and mind. Dr. Prof. Werner Gitt
    showing if there is a God or if there is no God:

  9. I am a Hindu
    I would love if people start calling it sanatanam dharam then Hinduism cause that’s what it’s real name is
    But I am glad the video is peaceful and not biased like most in YouTube
    Ps: one thing Krishna isn’t the one who started this religion but rather way back before Krishna was born ❤️❤️

  10. OH MY GOD. GET YOUR FACTS STRAIGHT! Siddhartha was born in Lumbini, a country then of it’s own back then which later beacme a part of NEPAL not INDIA. And Hinduism isn’t just a major religion of India but Nepal as well. I think almost 15 years ago, Nepal was the ONLY Hindu national in the word before becoming secular

  11. humanity above religion, because every religion is about humanity. if you lost your humanity due to your religion then there is no point of being religious

    so for me, if any religion that is based on fear to stay on it, and lust or profane Reward for you because you obey on it, i'd call it a false religion or teaching.

  12. I need to clear somethings Hinduism is also in nepal and little in pakistan and the words pronounced wrongly about hinduism also it would have been better if the knowledge was taken from people of that religion some incorrect things in hinduism also its found in srilanka bhutan and bangladesh also saying india marked srilanka also ??

  13. Please correct – Hinduism was not started by Krishna. It is only religion which is evolved by nature and that is why pure.

  14. I am Hindu and I know a little bit about Buddhism and would like to improve some incorrect things . 1-Bhrama is not the universe He created universe 2-Bhrama is not combination of all gods he is 1 god 3-There are 33 koti gods (33 corore)(or total 330,000,000 gods) 4-Hinduism dates back to start of universe see there is bhrama who created it . 5-Also Hinduism divides lifes age or universes age into 4 ages (Satya,Dwapar,Treta,Kali) Satya where gods lives along with humans(manushya) then comes Dwapar where humans started to be corrupt and most gods heft to live in heven and frequently in human forms to earth to visit This is the time when Ram was born And Ramayan took place . we can still see sitas own house or sitas fathers house now Called Janakpur dham in Janakpur, Nepal Who is the wife of lord ram lord ram killed rawan who kidnapped sita after falling in love with her beauty Ram with the army of monkeys lead by monkey god hanuman they need to go to lanka to kill rawan and retrive sita (now sri lanka) it was a vast strech of ocean and to cross it monkeys wrote ram on rocks and threw in water with surprise they floated and with a lot rocks they crossed ocean it can be seen in google maps see the strait between india and srilanka u will see a thin line underwater higher than other ocean floor After that Treta age when gods significantly decreased comming to earth In human form This is time when Krishna was born (hinduism dates way back then this) lord bishnu took this form to kill kansa who is krishnas maternal uncle and killed him dispite kansas attempt to kill krishna at his young age sending many demons but krishna killed them all then kali or bad age where gods rarely give apperance and its now no need to explain About Buddhism Siddartha Gautam was born in Kapilvastu Now part of nepal Some background . In india there was a state from where the prince and princes were thrown due to various regions and they came to nepal where a monk named kapil meditated and they settled there and place was named kapilvastu or place of kapil the oldest princess was made the rani aama or the head of state then the remaining married and made a state where eldest became king when the messanger from their original place came he was shoked and said u are sakya or of same people/clan and it was not alloud prople of same clan to marry so they made new clam called sakya clan siddartha gautam was to be one of the sucessor of the kingdom and clan he had a son named rahul also Thats all folks nice time

  15. Are 7th day Adventist, iglesia ni kristo, Jehovah's witness and others can be called religion??
    And why they use holy book of Catholic to create another religion or cult??

  16. Along with India, we Nepalese are also Hindu and similar to what India is with culture&tradition. And I respect all religions equally.

  17. We accept Jesus(Isa) and Moses (Musa) as prophets . Do Christians accept Jesus as God or Son of God. I’ve heard in Bible Jesus says ‘ I am not God’ But people ignores his refusal.I am not discriminating other religions but I explain the truth

  18. Ok so you start with a Religion where a Cow is a God ?

    Kidding me ?

    Why not starting with Jesus !


    Starting with Islam the path of Muhammed (pbuh) a true Religion after Jesus were taken to sky !!!

  19. Hinduism, the religion of India.Noooo,u are wrong.

    For every religion u mentioned in the video,you will find an Indian.

  20. Really a nice video,
    Mahammad was the last messenger of Of Islam and all Adam,Ibrahim,Musa , Jesus ……was one of the profet of Allah as well and we respect all of them

  21. it'd be something if we follow all of the interesting things from different religions keep their history and their roots intact without messing up with one another…

  22. Adam,
    Idris (Enoch),
    Nuh (Noah),
    Hud (Heber),
    Saleh (Methusaleh),
    Lut (Lot),
    Ibrahim (Abraham),
    Ismail (Ishmael),
    Ishaq (Isaac),
    Yaqub (Jacob),
    Yusuf (Joseph),
    Shu’aib (Jethro),
    Ayyub (Job),
    Dhulkifl (Ezekiel),
    Musa (Moses),
    Harun (Aaron),
    Dawud (David),
    Sulayman (Solomon),
    Ilyas (Elias),
    Alyasa (Elisha),
    Yunus (Jonah),
    Zakariya (Zachariah),
    Yahya (John the Baptist),
    Isa (Jesus) ,
    Muhammad. Peace be upon them all. they came us for say there only one god ,the Eternal, Absolute.He begetteth not, nor is He begotten.And there is none like unto Him

  23. Islam is still a part of pagan religion you got statues and meteorites in the kabba Christians and catholics are following a brown man from the Middle East Jesus. Lol and of course the Jews the so called children of God if their was a god why didn't he ever help with all your atrocities not like any other races haven't had those same atrocities we have been on this planet for a long long time people religion was foundef to control the masses. It sure has done a good jod

  24. Your interpretation of Hinduism is wrong. It doesn't start with Krishna. Lord Krishna was the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. There were seven others before. Hinduism doesn't date back to five millennia. It's much older than that. Term Hindu was coined upon by Persians. It's always been a way of life, not a religion. As a matter of fact, there is no word explaining religion in the Ancient India. The word "dharma" means "righteousness" which is highly misinterpreted as "religion". So there isn't one single rule to understand this culture, no prescribed rules.

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